Jackson as a President: Yesterday and Today The Andrew Jackson Administration, from 1829 to 1837, was very important in American history. A self-made man, Jackson exemplified republican virtues by restraining a centralized government and promoting the powers of the people. His administration left a lasting impact on American politics. With his extreme usage of the presidential veto, Jackson strengthened the executive branch and rendered it equal in power to the legislative branch. These Jacksonian ideals of decentralized government can still be seen in politics to this day. Jackson was the first American president to have come from the frontier society of the American West. He was a "one-generation aristocrat" (Hoftstedder, 58) whose ambitions were to be wealthy and receive military glory rather than have political power (although military glory is a good way to gain popular support and political power). Jackson gained 'national hero' status after his military victory at the Battle of New Orleans. This victory, along with wounds from his participation in the Revolutionary War, gave him the popular support he needed for a strong presidency. Although Jackson lost in his first attempt at the Presidency, he quickly learned from his mistakes and won the election of 1828 by 95 electoral votes (Norton, 359). During his administration Jackson was faced with many key issues, of which the Nullification crisis is an example. This was a crisis over the doctrine of nullification, which was being strongly pushed by South Carolina. According to this doctrine, the state had the right to nullify government legislature that was inconsistent with its own. This doctrine was not used until 1832 when a new tariff was imposed that would reduce some duties but retain high taxes on many imports. The south felt this tariff would make them pay for northern industrialism, and they did not want to succumb to the will of the North. Jackson was against this theory of Nullification because he was a strong supporter of the Union. He took action against this by publicly 'nullifying nullification' and by moving troops into South Carolina to help the federal marshals collect the unpaid duties. Finally a compromise tariff was passed in 1833 which increased the number of duty free items and reduced other duties. Jackson's decisive actions in the Nullification crisis helped define the powers of the central government more clearly, they made it clear to the states that he would not suffer their tyranny, which might break up the Republic, just as the States would not tolerate a tyrannical central government.
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Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States and was one of the most controversial presidents ever. Jackson initially gained national fame through his role in the War of 1812, where he led a victory over the British at the Battle of New Orleans. Three year laters, Jackson invaded the Spanish-Florida territory which directed to the Adams-Onis Treaty. Although Andrew Jackson proved to be a great military strategist, his unneeded hostility, which was brought out in the Spoils System, the Indian Removal Act, and the ongoing feud with the National Bank, ultimately classify him as poor president.
To some people Andrew Jackson is remembered as the, metaphorically speaking, “People’s King” and is accused of dictator-like political moves. However, Andrew Jackson was quite the contrary, he was exalted amongst the people for being the new era of democracy: instilling a political revolution, the protection of the American people, and social equality among the masses. Therefore, Andrew Jackson was a precedent of democratic rule in the United States.
... The Harlem Renaissance was a time of growth and development in for African-Americans. They wrote novels, performed in clubs, and created the genre of Jazz. However, the Renaissance was imprisoned by its flaws. Rather then celebrating the unique culture of African-American’s, it oftentimes catered to what the White Americans would want to see and hear. Although racism seemed to be lower in Harlem and the Northern states, for many Blacks racism was at all time high. The Ku Klux Klan reached membership of astronomical proportions. They marched on Washington DC and handed out membership cards bashing minorities. Less educated Blacks, or those who couldn’t make it to Harlem, were often deemed ignorant. There was a barrier built between those Blacks with an education, and those without. And when the Great Depression hit, African Americans lost their jobs at a rate almost triple that of White Americans. Where was the equality Harlem had fought so hard for? The Harlem Renaissance, although it did achieve some remarkable things, did not redefine African American expression. That ideal, would take many more years of strife, struggle, and segregation to achieve.
“Langston Hughes, The Big Sea, 1940” United States History: Reconstruction to the Present. Boston, Mass: Pearson / Prentice Hall, 2009. 927-354, 357, and 358.
According to Marx his theory of alienation is a result of the capitalist mode of production and the cruelty of money. In the world of capitalism, the realization of labour appears as a loss of reality for labour workers. The worker turns foreign to the world he lives in thus, alienation leading to social classes. Marx considers there are four different types of alienation: “Alienation of the worker from the product where the worker is alienated from the object they produce because it is owned by the capitalist; alienation of the worker from the process of production where the process of production is not determined by the producers or the consumers but the by the Capitalist class for profit; alienation of the worker from his/her species-essences
Andrew Jackson’s legacy has proved many things about him, his ambition, talent and ability to get the job done has shaped a future for America although not necessarily in a good way. Along with the highlights of his legacy the downfalls may over shadow them, his actions alone with the trail of tears were detrimental to the Native American people, along with his ill temperament and controversial acts of racism. His inability to follow the guidelines that we still use and respect today, a man who is a poster boy for all those things isn’t fit to personify what it means to be an American.
The Harlem Renaissance was a major artistic movement in the early Twentieth Century. The movement impacted all types of art including music, paintings, and literature and even influenced the cultural setting to an extent. The Harlem Renaissance was an artistic revolution that took place in the 1920s where African American artists, writers, philosophers and artists sought to foster a rich black culture within the great melting pot of America. Alain Lock promoted a trend, which led to more political aggressiveness, and a self-confident perspective of identity and racial delight prompted the establishment of the idea of the “new negro.” (1) Also during the 1920s was a massive migration of African Americans
The Harlem renaissance represents an enduring hope that free people can claim their birthright. (2) This was a major event in the African American community because it exposed harsh treatment in the south through Jim Crow laws when they moved to the north, furthermore this movement also helped with political equality. (3-4,40,12-15) Harlem, in the heart of Manhattan, was the nicest place the negro people were ever allowed to live; it was a place that continued to grow with their people and the jobs they were able to acquire payed them wages that they could never dreamed of receiving.(47) This renaissance was an artistic and political outpouring during the 1920s through the late 1930s, centered in New York, but reaching around the globe. (1) Places such as Boston, Chicago,
Marx’s concept of alienation can be defined as “the distortion of human nature that is caused by the domination of the worker by the ‘alien will’ of the capitalist” estrangement (Ritzer, p. 55). A key element to his theory of alienation focuses on the individual’s experience of feeling powerlessness when they fail to realize their own human potential, which in turn causes false consciousness. His theory is based upon his dialectics and on the totality of reciprocal relationships to nature and to other individuals within society, which are motivated and perpetuated by the need for material things.
Gossip accounts for sixty-five percent of speaking time in our everyday conversations (Grosser et al., 2010). Not surprisingly, gossip is a common form of communication that is highly prevalent in our social lives, especially within the workplace. While gossip tends to hold negative connotations, research suggests that gossip may serve as a healthy social activity, creating unity and bringing people together. Gossip may have the power to strengthen group bonds, create stronger group identification, and foster greater interpersonal ties (Mills, 2010). Gossip, therefore, may serve as a beneficial organizational behavior within the workplace. However, the prevailing research links gossip to negative outcomes in the workplace, such as decreased productivity, misrepresentation of employees, or crushed morale (Mills, 2010). If gossip is seen as a destructive organizational activity, why is it so prevalent in the workplace? This question has fueled current research in workplace gossip, providing empirical evidence to broaden our understanding of gossip’s role within the workplace.
In his work, Marx presents the process of Alienation. For him, that means that the maker of a product is pretty much forced feel his creation (the product) as something strange and not normal. Marx describes the process of Alienation as “dehumanizing” because it takes away the “human” out of us. We don’t get to do things as we want to do them; we do things as we are told to do and we are constantly kept of a track. In Alienation, we work like zombies and even become robots while working because we are not putting any thought into the process of creating the product nor have any joy while making it. Marx thinks that labor is one of the essential differences that we have with “non-human” animals. We do things because we want to do them and not because we have to do them. He then talks about “Alienated labor” that occurs under capitalism. Working in capitalism can be seen as a positive and a negative thing. It is positive for the employer because he takes the finished good and sells it in order to make profit. He loses money because he pays for the labor of the workers. Working in capitalism is negative for the worker because he is constantly being monitored from his boss and doesn’t have freedom at all. When you work in capitalism you make your boss rich and not yourself. In
Marx believes that under capitalism, man is alienated in four different ways. First, he says that man, as producers, is alienated from the goods that he produces, or the object. Second, man is alienated from the activity of labor to where the tools are taking control of the user. Third, man is alienated from himself through integrated social interaction. Finally, Marx believes that man is alienated from other workers because he experiences other workers as threats and competitors. In all of these forms of alienation, Marx views alienation as materialist, with labor at the center. Marx believes that his theory of alienation takes three faces: God, the State, and Money. Since Marx believes that emancipation means freedom, human emancipation is
Milliken, Morrison and Hewlin (2003) posit that there are several antecedents and consequences of organizational silence. The antecedents, they claim, exist at the individual manager, management team, and organizational levels. Management practices are one such example contributing to employee silence (Morrison and Milliken, 2000). Employees who remain silent about relevant work issues that could inform their managers and organizations are in effect preventing the transfer of potentially valuable
Marx conceives an empiricist perspective of material history, where consciousness arises from social relations , which is premised upon the material reality of social production forces at a particular time. Social conditions shape our consciousness, where “The nature of individuals thus depends on the material conditions determining their production.” (p.150) According to Marx, in the capitalist epoch, alienation is the social estrangement of the individual from human nature, through four phases – alienation from the product of the individual’s creative activity, the estrangement from species-being, the individual’s fellow workers, and from the process of production itself. Alienation is thus a structural oppression of the full actualization