John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born on January 3, 1892, in Bloefontain, South Africa, to English parents. The family was living in South Africa for his father’s job purposes. In April of 1895, Tolkien, his mother and brother Hilary returned to England. Their father, Arthur Reuel, remained in South Africa with plans to join his family when time permitted. While in England, news came that Arthur had died.
This started Tolkien’s love of language (Hodges 20). He attended Kind Edward’s Grammar School in Birmingham where that passion for language was apparent (Parker and Kermode 741). Mabel died in 1904, while Tolkien was still attending school; therefore, he and his brother became orphans under care of a Catholic priest. Tolkien met Edith Bratt, a fellow orphan that would later became his wife(“Tolkien, J.R.R.” 831). Tolkien continued school and was accepted to Oxford in 1910 (Hodges 83).
Crabbe, Katharyn F. J. R. R. Tolkien. New Yory: Frederick Ungar, 1981. Print. Stanton, Michael N. Hobbits, Elves, and Wizard. New York: PALGRAVE, 2001.
They traveled from home to home for 6 years until Tolkien gained entrance to Exeter College, Oxford. He worked there as Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and later married his longtime sweetheart Edith Bratt. Tolkien joined the military during World War I, fell very ill with trench fever and recovered back in England where he wrote his most popular works. He later became a professor at Oxford in 1945 and retired after 14 years. His wife died two years before he passed in Bournemouth, England in 1973 at 81 years old.
Martin Seymour-Smith. London : Shuckburgh Reynolds Ltd., 1980, 154-155. Wagenknecht, Edward. “Nathaniel Hawthorne.” Cavalcade of the American Novel. New York : Henry Holt and Company, 1952, 90, 9, 20, 25, 38-57.
Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1992. Stein, Robert H. Baker Exegetical Commentary of the New Testament: Mark. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1984.
Tolkien was born on January 3rd, 1892, and his younger brother, Hilary, was born on February 17th, 1894 (Doughan 1). On February 15th, 1896, John and his mother and brother were on vacation in England when Arthur Tolkien, who was still in South Africa, died from peritonitis ("J.R.R. Tolkien Biography" 1). The Tolkien’s, who would not have sufficient financial funds, stayed with Mabel’s parents in King’s Heath, England; John and Hilary were taught by Mabel until she died of acute diabetes on November 14th, 1904 (Doughan 1). Mabel assigned her sons guardianship to a close friend, Father Francis (Doughan 1).
After studying Peano’s work in 1903 wrote his first important book “The Principles of Mathematics.” With the help of Dr. Alfred Whitehead he proceeded to extend his knowledge of the mathematical logic of Peano; 1908 was elected fellow of the Royal Society. In 1910 he was appointed by Trinity College as lecturer, but in 1916 was deprived of his position. ; because he took part in No Conscription after the first World War broke out, he was heavily fined. After he was offered a job position at Harvard, but was refused a passport. He intended on giving lecture courses, but was stopped by military authorities.