2014. The Biography Channel website. Apr 06 2014, 04:06 http://www.biography.com/people/jrr-tolkien-9508428. "J.R.R. Tolkien Biography - Tolkien's Life."
The Biography Channel website. Feb 01 2014, 09:46 http://www.biography.com/people/jrr-tolkien-9508428
While in England, news came that Arthur had died. After Arthur’s death, the family rented a cottage in Sarehole Mill, Birmingham. Tolkien spent many happy years there. By the time he was four, his mother had taught him to read and write. He quickly became fascinated with words.
His wife died two years before he passed in Bournemouth, England in 1973 at 81 years old. While The Hobbit and The Silmarillion were both popular and important in their own way, neither matched the groundbreaking storyline and importance of The Lord of the Rings trilogy. After the start of World War I, Tolkien joined “the Lancashire Fusiliers a British infantry regiment assigned to the Western front” (Tolkien 3). During his time in the military, he saw enough heartbreaking and mind boggling scenes for a lifetime. “He later explained in a letter to his son, Christopher, that many of the early writings about Middle-earth were composed ‘in grimy canteens, at lectures in cold fogs, in huts full of blasphemy and smut, or by candle lights in bell tents, even some down in dugouts under shell fire.’” (Baker 5).
During this time, at school, Tolkien was bitten by a huge tarantula, which would later influence one of his stories in Lord of the Rings. (W.J. Rayment, A Bio) On February 15th, 1896, Tolkien left South Africa with his mother and younger brother, Hilary to return to England. His father however was also suppose to return to England with them within the next few months, but while he waited in South Africa he caught rheumatic fever and soon died. This left the grieving family with a very limited income.
Web. Feb 04 2014 http://www.biography.com/people/thomas-hobbes-9340461. "Thomas Hobbes". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Tolkien was born on January 3rd, 1892, and his younger brother, Hilary, was born on February 17th, 1894 (Doughan 1). On February 15th, 1896, John and his mother and brother were on vacation in England when Arthur Tolkien, who was still in South Africa, died from peritonitis ("J.R.R. Tolkien Biography" 1). The Tolkien’s, who would not have sufficient financial funds, stayed with Mabel’s parents in King’s Heath, England; John and Hilary were taught by Mabel until she died of acute diabetes on November 14th, 1904 (Doughan 1). Mabel assigned her sons guardianship to a close friend, Father Francis (Doughan 1).
However, he decided to drop out after a year there to study political science. Teddy was then elected to the New York Assembly and served from 1882 to 1884. After he served in the assembly a tragedy occurred. Both his wife and mother died just within a couple hours of each other. After his tragic losses he moved out west to become a rancher to try to recover from both of the losses.