With Thomson's recommendation McGill University in Montreal accepted him as a professor of chemistry. Upon performing many experiments and finding new discoveries at McGill university, Rutherford was rewarded the nobel prize for chemistry. In 1907 he succeded Arthur Schuster at the University of Manchester. He began persuing alpha particles in 1908. With the help of Geiger he found the number of alpha particles emitted per second by a gram of radium.
Niels Bohr Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 7, 1885 to mother Ellen Adler, and father, Christian Bohr, Niels would later go on to be a Nobel Prize winner in the category of physics. He attended the University of Copenhagen, where he studied physics. In 1911 he received his doctorate and left to England to study under J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. In 1912 he married Margrethe Norlund. Together they had 6 sons, one of which followed in his father’s footsteps and won his own Nobel Prize in physics in 1975 Bohr’s main focus was working on a way to understand the structure of an atom.
Shortly after this, he fell in love with Mary Newton. The couple married in 1900 and had a daughter named Eileen soon after. In 1894, he was granted another scholarship to attend Trinity College, Cambridge, to work with J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. He was the first research student at Trinity and in his first research assignment he uncovered a more efficient way of detecting radio waves than that of Heinrich Hertz. After hearing of his success on this work, Thomson invited Rutherford to study the effects of x-rays on the conductivity of gasses with their research being centered on the splitting of atoms and molecules into ions.
He worked hard to earn a doctorate in physics in 19911 which he received from Copenhagen University. The next year, 1912, Bohr was working for Nobel laureate, J.J. Thompson, in England. He was introduced to earnest Rutherford whose discovery of the development of an atomic model and nucleus had given him a Nobel peace prize in chemistry in 1908. Bohr began to study the properties of atoms under Rutherford’s tutelage. Rutherford and Planicks theory needed help with their theory and description so Niels Bohr helped explained what happened inside of the atom and developed a picture of atomic structure.
Niels Bohr was a major contributor to modern physics. He won a Nobel Prize for his work on the atomic model. Also he came up with a way to furthermore define what a nucleus looks like, and also worked on the Quantum theory. He accomplished all of this while living in Copenhagen, Denmark and being a Jewish Chemist during World War II. Post-war he became a major contributor to his Open-World theory of helping Nations intelligence between each other about weapons of mass destruction.
Neils Bohr is a very important role model to science because of all of his contributions to chemistry and physics. As a result of one of his contributions, Bohr won a Nobel Prize for his work on the structure of atoms in 1922 (“Neils Bohr- Biographical”). Other Examples of Bohr’s work include: the atomic model, the liquid droplet theory, and the quantum theory. Bohr was one of the few scientists to first observe the quantum theory. As a result of his observance of the quantum theory, he created the atomic model.
Maybe the first step towards the atomic bomb was when Einstein sent his fabled letter to President Roosevelt. Regardless of when exactly these events started, they would lead to the creation of one of the most dangerous weapons to ever be conceived. World renowned physicists, such as Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, would help build the atomic bomb and vastly improve America’s understanding of science with their inventions, including the Chicago Pile-1. Bigger and greater experiments were then done by the Uranium Committee and the famed Manhattan Project, all building up to the fatal day of the bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These attacks would rock the foundations of war, as it changed all previous parameters.
During the 1800’s, the late 1800’s, scientist discovered radioactivity. The study of radio activity became a phenomenon amongst scientist during this time period. With the discovery of new elements polonium and radium by Marie and Pierre Curie, the use of radioactivity to probe the center of an atom, provided the instructions of a nuclear weapon that will kill innocent Japanese, leaving there face disfigured, and permanently changed. The majority of people know of the effect of radioactivity but not how it was discovered and its close relation to physics. The discovery of radioactivity can also be referred to the dawn of the nuclear age.
History British physicist, Francis William Aston was the first person to discover the concept of nuclear fusion. He discovered that the four hydrogen atoms are heavier than a helium atom He-4. This discovery led him to uncover that energy can be made by combining hydrogen atoms to form helium, and implied that stars could produce energy. In 1920s, Arthur Stanley Eddington invented the theory of proton–proton chain reaction as the reason of the Sun. In 1939, this theory was confirmed when Hans Bethe showed that beta decay and quantum tunneling in the Sun's core might convert one of the protons into a neutron and thereby producing deuterium rather than a diproton.
He is Julius Robert Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer was the most important person of the twentieth century due to his creation of the School of Theoretical Physics in Berkeley, his crucial work on the development of the atomic bomb, which ended World War II, and his thoughtful opposition to the great destruction that could be wrought by the atomic bombs. Oppenheimer was an exceedingly intelligent person, even as a child, and his intelligence enabled him to develop and nurture a wave of He collected mineralogical specimens at the age of five years old. After six years, his collection was so impressive, he was admitted membership in the prestigious Mineralogical Club in New York, one of the oldest mineral clubs in the United States. Thus, he was admitted to Harvard in 1922, intending to become a chemist.