POV: J.A. Hobson, a wealthy liberal who sought to initiate economic and social reform, was strongly averse to the British imperial system because he viewed it as a corrupt scheme meant to deplete Britain’s national resources and secure more profits for the individual benefit of British elite classes. Hobson saw that imperialism facilitated conservative capitalism by “securing private material benefits [for entrepreneurs]...at the public cost,” consequently allowing business owners to advance to higher social positions (Hobson 2). By promoting entrepreneurs further up the social hierarchy ladder, imperialism widened the social division between elite business holders and proletariat workers As a liberal, Hobson was naturally opposed to such divisions between social classes: he protected the working class and sought to promote equality among the various classes. Since imperialism promotes divisions between social classes, Hobson was instinctively opposed to Britain’s imperial system. As one of the greatest European empire builders of all time, Cecil Rhodes was a huge supporter of imperialism, sharply contrasting Hobson. He founded the De Beers Mining Company in South Africa and gained tremendous profits from his foreign enterprise. Ambitiously seeking to earn even more profits, Rhodes expanded his claims to various diamond mines around the world, eventually owning about 90% of the world’s production of diamonds. Even though he became one of the richest men in the world, Rhodes’ main ambition was not actually to obtain massive wealth; his true wish was “to render [him]self useful to [his] country” (Rhodes 4). His ambition to expand his diamond company by acquiring new mining territory and his wish to serve his country eventually ... ... middle of paper ... ...d world (Rhodes 3). The fact that the Society should be committing that much time and energy to search for members reveals the high cost and negative aspect of imperialism. Although Kipling supports the objective of imperialism, he identifies several flaws associated with it. Firstly, he refers to the duties of the empire as a “burden,” which portrays the negative aspects of imperialism. Secondly, he warns the reader that if he “take[s] up the White Man’s burden” (Kipling line 34), “the blame of those [he] better[s]” and “the hate of those [he] guard[s]” will haunt him. Even though he will supposedly be helping the uncolonized by imposing British rule upon them, they will blame him and hate him. Kipling tells the reader that the White Man’s burden is in fact a “burden”: it is a hardship that he takes upon himself for the sake and goodness of the uncolonized peoples.
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In American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865 - 1900, H.W. Brands worked to write a book that illustrates the decades after the Civil War, focusing on Morgan and his fellow capitalists who effected a stunning transformation of American life. Brands focuses on the threat of capitalism in American democracy. The broader implications of focusing on capitalism in American democracy is the book becomes a frame work based on a contest between democracy and capitalism. He explains democracy depends on equality, whereas, capitalism depends on inequality (5). The constant changing of the classes as new technologies and ways of life arise affect the contest between democracy and capitalism. By providing a base argument and the implications of the argument, Brands expresses what the book attempts to portray. Through key pieces of evidence Brands was able to provide pieces of synthesis, logical conclusion, and countless
what an alteration there would be if they were brought under Anglo-Saxon influence.” It quickly becomes apparent that those who were integral to the modern colonization of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Africa were not doing so out of the goodness of their hearts. Without delving too deeply into the actual statistics of the good done for these “barbaric” cultures, it may seem as if colonization was a positive occurrence. In all actuality, however, the ulterior motives and imperialistic attitudes of the key players in colonization brought much more harm than gain. The benefits of colonialism were almost entirely one-sided at the unfortunate loss of the other side’s culture, inhabitants, resources and overall way of life.
Frank who is another representative of neo-Marxist on imperialism states that imperialism was deeply relevant to the World Systems theory. (Frank, Andre Gunder., 1975) The world system fundamentally is a social system. The feature of modern world system is the division of labor which can be exchange when provision of needs to magnifies and legitimizes the power of some groups within the sy...
Rudyard Kipling’s poem “The White Man’s Burden” articulates the imperialism of the English empire into India, Cambodia, China, and Africa. The English thought it their duty to go out and take over these barbaric nations to civilize them. They justified their act of westernizing and destroying others’ cultures as the “burden’ they were born to bear. “And when your goal is nearest the end for others sought, watch sloth and heathen folly bring all your hopes to nought.” They blamed the ineffectiveness of their efforts on the native’s laziness. They are the ones whose whole world is being flipped upside down; being submerged in a new culture with new laws and strange people. Yet, somehow they are the lazy ones and despite the trails for the white man at the end of the day it is beneficial to the savages.
Though colonial imperialism was in stark decline following the turn of the 19th century, its theme perpetuates even today through mass privatization and rigid global capitalism. The need for personal, racial, and national superiority arises from a need to stay competitive culturally and economically. The question is: why does this need perpetuate? I believe the answer to be quite simple. Personal interests and a desire to maintain ones own standard of living places the needs and cultural interests of others second in the global race for more capital.
...stry. Conrad displays a respect for the African’s culture, strongly denouncing the European interference that disordered their way of life. The colonizers fail to identify completely with the native people and culture and instead are attempting to better them according to their own conception while robbing civilizations of their natural resources. Attempting to answer the question of Conrad’s view on imperialism is an impossible task, as comparing the dominant views of the time that supported imperialism with the dominant views of today that oppose imperialism is contradictory. Anti-imperialism was slow to develop after the original application during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Conrad’s critique of British imperial colonization was paramount in forming the anti-imperialists movement that saw the decolonization process that is still taking place to date.
Part of how North America engaged in imperialism was the idea of Manifest Destiny (Age of Imperialism II, 19:20). This was the belief that it was their destiny to take over and expand. The Europeans engaged in imperialism by taking over or having other places join their country (Age of Imperialism II, 28.06). This is important because if they could peacefully gain control it made their job easier. Another tool that helped the West engage in imperialism was the steam engine. They were able to trade with more nations and spread their ideas even better. Advances like the steam engine were key to both becoming what we call “Mother Nations.” When discussing how they believed in Manifest Destiny and the power of whiteness, it is crucial to show the flip side that allows them to take part in this. Morel, the author of the black mans’ burden, sees the burden of imperialism falling upon Africans, and wrote this against Kipling 's poem. The text says, “Thus the African is really helpless against the material God of the white man, as embodied in the trinity of imperialism, capitalistic, exploitation, and militarism…” (The Black Man’s Burden, pg. 2). This statement shows that the Africans were still less than and that there was indeed prejudice. He is saying that the Africans were destroyed by the Caucasians. While it is important to understand how the West became engaged in imperialism, we also need to understand that
In it, he claims that the “white man’s burden” is the responsibility to colonize and civilize less advanced countries. In this case, Kipling urges America to imperialize the Philippines, however the goal still stood true in American citizen’s minds with regards to all races, indigenous or otherwise. These ideals stood out to Americans in this time, and may have pushed many of them to further support reformation and colonization of the Native
Europe in this period was a world of competing countries. Britain had a global empire to lead, France had competition with Britain for wealth and so did other nations like Germany and Russia. Expansion was a goal that all nations wanted to achieve. Prince Leopold, the heir of the Belgian Throne, in a conversation, explained that “since history teaches us that colonies are useful… let us strive to get on in our turn… to lead to progress in every sense.” Being a prince, Leopold must have had a pro imperialist point of view, because he wanted to keep Belgium strong and prosperous. Cecil Rhodes, in a speech at the chartering of the British South Africa company, said “Philanthropy is good, but philanthropy at 5 percent is even better.” Cecil Rhodes’s quote clearly illustrates a materialistic point of view, owing to the fact that he was the founder of De Beers Diamond Company. Being a businessman, a desire of profit was natural. However, there are other examples that show a condemnation of imperialism for economical reasons. According to William Clark, in The Genesis of Jingoism, “capitalism is international… and it will prove in the long run to be one of the leading factors in breaking down of nationalism.” Owing to the fact that this excerpt from “The...
Economics becomes a large factor in the American imperialism; but more specifically that expansion in foreign markets is a vital part in the growth of America. As historian Charles Beard puts it, “[it] is indispensable to the prosperity of American business. Modern diplomacy is commercial. Its chief concern is with the promotion of economic interests abroad” (Kinzer 81). Williams provides that the people of United States wanted this change to culminate in the business. “A great many farm businessmen were in trouble, and if they voted together they could control national policy. There was, in truth, a crisis before the Cri...
The era that marked the end of civil war and the beginning of the twentieth century in the united states of America was coupled with enormous economic and industrial developments that attracted diverse views and different arguments on what exactly acquisition of wealth implied on the social classes in the society. It was during this time that the Marxist and those who embraced his ideologies came out strongly to argue their position on what industrial revolution should imply in an economic world like America. In fact, there was a rapid rise in the gross national product of the United States between 1874 and 1883. This actually sparked remarkable consequences on the political, social and economic impacts. In fact, the social rejoinder to industrialization had extensive consequences on the American society. This led to the emergence of social reform movements to discourse on the needs of the industrialized society. Various theories were developed to rationalize the widening gap between the rich and the poor. Various reformers like Andrew Carnegie, Henry George and William Graham Sumner perceived the view on the obligation of the wealthy differently. This paper seeks to address on the different views held by these prominent people during this time of historical transformations.
Ever since the first settlements of the English in the New World, the Colonies had fought for expansion of their rights. By 1763, British rule began to strain with the enforcement of imperial policies; this intensified Colonials’ resistance to British rule by the rebelling of the Colonies against the British government, in response to the sudden and strict changes. These changes also encouraged implement of the Colonies’ republican values. Some of these policies included taxation on documents and British goods in the Colonies in attempt of the British government to control markets in the colonies.
Exports in Great Britain and Africa had both increased between 1854 to 1900. Africa was a valuable country to the Europeans, as Africa was a source for marketing products. A writer named Rudyard Kipling had written a poem called “The White Man’s Burden” explaining British Imperialism. The title “White Man’s Burden” means it is the Europeans duty to help civilization. Kipling talks to the British citizens saying “send forth the best ye breed” meaning send off to foreign lands your best young people. Kipling then says “Your new-caught, sullen peoples,/Half-devil and half-child”, when saying this he tries to encourage the british to help others live a healthy