metabolites exhibiting a variety of biological activities. As a part of our systematic search for new bioactive lead structures from endophytic, the endophytic fungus Fusarium sp isolated from the leaves of Brotowali (Tinaspora crispa), was cultured for isolation of metabolite. The endophytic fungus was cultivated on 6 L of Potatos Dextose Broth (PDB) medium at room temperature (no shaking) for 8 weeks. The cultures were then extracted with ethyl acetate to afford 9.4 g of residue after removal of the solvent
with 34% applications in detergents, 27% in foods, 16% in agriculture and feeds, 10% in textiles and 10% in leather, chemicals, and pulp (Demain, 2007). Despite of industrial use of fungal enzymes, there are medical uses of fungal enzymes. Protease, keratinase, amylase, and lipase can be produced by different fungal strain of Aspergillus, Candida, Penicillum, Rhizopus, and Mucor (Nigam, 2013; McKelvey & Murphy, 2011).Enzyme can be used as drug, yet it has unique advantage over drug. Enzymes are able
effective vaccines and antiviral drugs for AIDS has spurred speculation that the funding for AIDS research is insufficient. Although the actual amount of government funding for AIDS research is large, most of these funds are used for expensive clinical studies to evaluate new drugs. Many scientists believe that not enough is known about the basic biology of HIV and recommend shifting the emphasis of AIDS research to basic research that could ultimately result in more effective medicines.
leaf-roll virus and PVY: past, present and future. Valley Potato Grower 57, 35-39. Shi, Q. H., and Z. J. Zhu., 2008. Effects of exogenous salicylic acid on manganese toxicity, element contents and anti-oxidative system in cucumber. Environmental and experimental botany 63: 317–326. St-Onge, R., Gadkar, V.J., Arseneault, T., Goyer, C., Filion, M., 2011. The ability of Pseudomonas sp. LBUM 223 to produce phenazine-1-carboxylic acid affects the growth of Streptomyces scabies, the expression of thaxtomin
The scientific field of the biological control of alien invasive plants (AIP) has developed rapidly over the last 100 years in various countries (Morin et al. 2013) but, are some countries performing better than others? Biological control looks to diminish the negative consequences of alien invasive plants. For example, biological control reduces alterations of biotic and abiotic processes produced by AIP occurring within the ecosystem (Richardson and van Wilgen 2004). Major sites of invasion like