Roger explains these groups must either make Islam more modern to work alongside the West in democracy, or they must defend culture in their religion by creating a ‘protective umbrella’ (Roger, 2004, p158). It is best to first define the term ‘Islamism’ and how it relates to Islam. The term ‘Islamism’ is a development from the Islam religion. It requires us to look deeper into Islam, and pick out certain parts of the religion which define ‘Islamism’. Islamism today is seen more as an ideology rather than a religion.
Through its views, Islam was successful to convince lots of people. In the postclassical period, Islam spread to Southeast Asia from the Arabian Peninsula. As a religion, Islam was widely accepted to huge numbers of people. The ideas of Islam were successful to create impact on people. Islam spread in the Southeast Asia through trade, Sufism, Islam’s universal appeal, and scientific innovation, though there were also challenges in the way of spreading Islam.
"Islam Origins, Islam History, Islam Beliefs." Patheos Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar.
Or embrace the comings of a new religion and the coming of a new society. The way of life began to change in this time. Arabs before the impact of Islam were admirable to their loyalty. Also for their generosity, and honor, towards those in their tribes and the allies of their tribe. The tribes often inherited specific positions, roles, or responsibilities in their small knitted community.
Cultural knowledge can also give outside countries insight to “how” and “when” relationships can` be established. Somali culture is extremely relevant to the intent of this paper. The makeup of their government, religious beliefs, beliefs towards women, and economic production are a few factors that are relevant while establishing a friendly relationship. As stated by Toby, “Islam is a belief system, a culture, a structure for government, and a way of life. Thus in Somalia, attitudes, social customs, and gender roles are primarily based on Islamic tradition” .
No human being is culture free. We are a product of the many different cultures which surround us. Our values, worldview and experiences are structured by the society and culture that exert influences on our lives each day. It is therefore important to be a multicultural person by first forming a positive cultural identity. Manning and Baruth (2009, p.24) defines culture as “people’s values, languages, religions, ideals, artistic expressions, patterns of social and interpersonal relationships and ways of perceiving, behaving and thinking.” However, in this paper, cultural identity also relate to race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, social class and all that defines the self.