When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism.
Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following directives and note where there are differences among the three branches of Islam.
1. Explain the meaning of the name, Islam.
The word Islam is derived from the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious logic, Islam means submission to the will of God and accordance to His word (Barghout, n.d.). The meaning of the name Islam is important to the community of Muslim people. “Islam” as it has many ties with words that mean “peace”. The word is sometimes misunderstood and thought to indicate being imprisoned to Allah. Yet, it is a symbolism for the covenant made between Allah and the Muslim people.
2. Explain the basic concepts of Islam.
The basic concepts of the Islam faith derive from the five pillars. The five pillars are the basic essential principles of the Islamic belief. The five pillars can be found in the Holy Quran. These basic concepts are required to be adopted by those of the Muslim faith (Molloy, page 432, 2010). The Muslims are expected to (Molloy, page 432, 2010:
• Have no other god before Allah, believing that no other God exist except Allah, and that Muhammad serves as Allah’s messenger.
• Prayer is central, praying five times per day.
• Charity to the poor is essential
• Participate in the Holy day Ramadan
• A trip to Mecca is expected in one’s lifetime, unless prevented by extenuating circumstances.
3. Describe the practices of Islam.
There are many practices of the Islam faith, and all are p...
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...ugh, in theology, both philosophy and religion is utilized to understand and principles of religions. As philosophical views contradict some of the basic principles of Islam, a devout Muslim could not agree to both beliefs, because agreeing would question one’s personal faith.
3. What artistic themes are regularly expressed in Islamic art and architecture? How are these themes explored? How has the Qur’an influenced the development of art in the Islamic world?
The artistic theme that reflects Paradise is conveyed frequently the Islam’s artwork, form structures, painting, to silks and fabrics. Because paradise is the goal of Islam, it is important to express it and view it in the artwork. The Quran uses many eloquent passages to reference paradise. It is described to have trees of fruit, cool breezes, many streams, and wildflowers (Molloy, page 469, 2010.)