Is there a link between criminality and unemployment?

Satisfactory Essays
Microsoft Excel was used to run four different multiple regressions to find out if crime is affected by unemployment. Also at the same time the percentage of unemployment and criminality was plotted in LoggerPro in order to see the Linear fir. The sample states that were carefully chosen for this study include sixteen states representing 54% of the U.S population. The definition of the unemployment level is an annual average shown by as a percentage of the labor force. The total property theft is measured as a percentage of the population and includes larceny, burglary, and motor-vehicle theft. Crimes of violent nature are not included because previous research proved that there is a little or no correlation between these types of crimes and unemployment. Only crimes where visible benefit is obtained are significant. The variables used include per capita for each state, the percentage of males 18-24, percentage of the population black or white and the total funding for elementary and secondary education.
Unfortunately, the study was only conducted from years 2001-2003 due to the limited amount of data available. Demographic data can only be obtained from one reliable source form 2001-2003, and in order to keep the data consistent, the use of one source for the data was chosen. Data was used from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the U.S Department of Education and the U.S Census Bureau’s annual American Community Survey.
The research question of this paper is “Is there a link between unemployment and criminality?” Many researches have been trying to find the link between unemployment and criminality. However, the various outcomes from different researchers, this topic still remains important becaus...

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...tted around the results. However, it is very important to find out what the factors are that are connecting the relationship in order to actually define the relationship between these two factors.

Works Cited

Levitt, Steven D. “Alternative Strategies for Identifying the Link Between Unemployment and Crime,” Journal of Quantitative Criminology 17, 377-390.
Levitt, Steven D. “Understanding Why Crime Fell in the 1990s: Four Factors that Explain the Decline and Six that Do Not,” Journal of Economic Perspectives 18, 163-190.
U.S Department of Education: Fiscal Year 2001-2007 State Tables for the U.S. Department of Education. (2005).
U.S Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics “How the Government Measures Unemployment.” Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey (2001).
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