Is there a Significan Relationship between Access to Piped Water and Knowledge of Personal Hygene among Salvadoran Children

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The purpose of this study was to determine if a statistically significant relationship existed among Salvadoran children’s access to piped water and knowledge of personal hygiene. This study utilized data collected from a mission trip to El Salvador in January 2014; therefore the study is cross sectional. Data was collected via VCOM surveys, some of which were adapted from Save the Children. Study population The population of interest was children aged 8-13 who attended school and were residents of the towns Santiago Texacuangos or Sonsonate, El Salvador. The age bracket of 8-13 was used to mimic guidelines from a Save the Children survey which was used to collect basic data on environment and household demographics. Researchers hoped to collect longitudinal data by using Save the Children methodology. The requirement for school attendance was based on the need for children to be literate and accustomed to the school setting where education modules were delivered. The two towns of Santiago Texacuangos and Sonsonate were selected based on VCOM’s medical mission presence and rapport with government officials. Data was collected from this population from January 6 through January 10, 2014. Geographical map Data was collected from the residents of Santiago Texacuangos and Sonsonate. Santiago Texacuangos is located 11.5 miles southeast from San Salvador, close to the western boarder of Lake Ilopango. Sonsonate is located 55.9 miles west of San Salvador and exactly 17 miles northeast of Acajutia. Figure 1, from NationsOnline, displays a map of El Salvador with San Salvador, Lake Ilopango, Sonsonate, and Acajutia clearly demarcated. Geographical graph Santiago Texacuangos has a population of 19,428 (GeoHive, 2007). The sur... ... middle of paper ... .... Tong, S., Baghurst, P., McMichael, A., Sawyer, M., & Mudge, J. (1996). Lifetime exposure to environmental lead and children's intelligence at 11-13 years: the Port Pirie cohort study. Bmj, 312(7046), 1569-1575. United Nations. (2014). [Population of El Salvador]. Retrieved from http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=POP&f=tableCode%3A240#POP University of Buffalo. (2001). An Introduction to the Culture of El Salvador for Providers of Disability Services in the U.S. Retrieved from http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/culture/monographs/elsalvador/#s9 Water, U. N. (2007). Coping with water scarcity: challenge of the twenty-first century. 2007 World Water Day. Walker, S. P., Wachs, T. D., Meeks Gardner, J., Lozoff, B., Wasserman, G. A., Pollitt, E., & Carter, J. A. (2007). Child development: risk factors for adverse outcomes in developing countries. The lancet, 369(9556), 145-157.

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