Is Schizophrenia A Chronic And Deliberating Mental Disorder?

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Schizophrenia is a chronic and deliberating mental disorder that is characterized by moments of psychosis. These commonly include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior and negative symptoms (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders-5 2013, p87). It affects approximately 1 in 100 Australians and is rated among the top 10 causes of disabilities in developed countries. Research into this disorder has not been able to determine a single cause. However, there are a variety of factors that have been associated, with the most concurrence being hereditary (SANE Australia 2014), but environmental and social has been suggested to have influence as well (SRI 2013). Due to the symptoms, Schizophrenia can have detrimental adverse effects towards the sufferer as well as their family. The onset of schizophrenia typically present at between the ages of 15 to 25 year olds (The Department of Health Australia 2007), and as a result, teenage suicide is a growing problem with up to 50% of those affected attempting suicide, making Schizophrenia also one of the major causes of suicide (Schizophrenia Research Institute 2013). The signs are subtle and develop over time and as a result, it will be difficult for adolescents and young adults to recognize their condition (SRI 2013). The lack of diagnosis and treatment will inevitably lead to feelings of confusion and despair, making it difficult to find help and overall affect their emotional state. Auditory and visual hallucinations are both typically present, with auditory hallucinations being more prevalent. These vivid hallucinations can be hard to distinguish from reality and can cause severe distress. (Helpguide 2015). For instan... ... middle of paper ... ...9). Along with these treatments, support systems are also integral to the schizophrenic’s wellbeing, this include family and friends. Ellyn Saks, along with other schizophrenics such as Longden and Ben, has stated that “[her family and friends] have given [her] life a meaning and a depth, and they also helped [her] navigate [her] life in the face of the symptoms”. In conclusion, Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which its symptoms can impair their everyday and social life. As well as the individual’s tendency to withdraw from society, lack of understanding and the negative stigmas that are associated to this disorder can leave them socially isolated. However, with proper treatment and support from professionals and their family and friends, individuals are able to overcome their condition and live with it whilst still having an independent stable life.

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