The Oil Spill The BP oil spill happened off the United States coast in the Gulf of Mexico and is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. After the oil rig Deepwater Horizon exploded and sunk it continued to leak oil for 87 days until it was capped, which resulted in an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil leaking into the ocean. The Deep Water Horizon was a sem... ... middle of paper ... .... Retrieved 15 November 2013. Dermansky, Julie (20 April 2013). "Three Years After the BP Spill, Tar Balls and Oil Sheen Blight Gulf Coast".
The oil tanker, Exxon Valdez, left from Valdez, Alaska and was headed for Los Angeles, California. The tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Alaska. After six hours of being grounded, the Exxon Valdez spilled about 10.9 million gallons of oil (53 million gallons aboard). The BP oil spill occurred a little differently. On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded and caused the largest marine oil spill in history.
It was caused when methane gas from the well shot all the way up and out of the drill column, expanded onto the platform then ignited and exploded. The explosion then led the rig to burn, with the resulting fire unable to be extinguished 2 days later it sinked leaving the well gushing causing the largest oil spill in history (as seen in Fig. A in attachments). Some estimates placed it in late May or early June 2010 as the largest oil spill in history. Flow Rate Technical Group estimated the flowing of barrels of crude oil per day at 35,000 to 60,000.
1.Introduction and Aims The BP oil spill began on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. On April 20, 2010, 126 workers on the mobile offshore drilling unit Deepwater Horizon were in the process of temporarily closing the exploratory Macondo oil well. That evening, an explosion abroad the drilling unit set off a chain of events that eventually led to the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon. Eleven crewmembers lost their lives and others were seriously injured, as fire engulfed and ultimately destroyed the rig. It is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry, an estimated 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previously largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill.
However, even though there are several problems surrounding oil spills, there are solutions to help clean them up after they take place. Ways of cleaning or reducing oil spills other than natural processes includes physical barriers, chemical dispersants and biological agents, and human labor. Overall, oil spills are a major environmental and economic problem which needs something done to help prevent damage to the environment and economies worldwide. A popular question, as specified by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad... ... middle of paper ... ... and BP’s Legal Trouble.” PBS. Published 9 July, 2013.
In addition, the oil and gas industry have changes there practices and are working with the government under new laws and regulation to prevent a future oil spill. On April 20, 2010, an event that became known as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred. It is sometime referred to as the BP oil spill, as BP was the company operating on the Deep Water horizon at the time of the spill. This oil spill is considered one of the largest oil spills in history as approximately 4.9 million barrels of oil made its way into the open ocean, reaching as far away as Florida. The oil spills occur due to a combination of system failure and human error.
Their job was to drill beneath the Earth’s surface. Gases building up in the well pipe ignited and caused one of the worst environmental disasters in U.S. history. It took the rig two days to sink down to the surface of the Gulf. Oil poured out of the rig for a total of eighty-seven days; during those eighty-seven days, British Petroleum was the only one with access to the scene of the crime, and the only one with access to the flow rates. Even though it’s a federal offense, British Petroleum could have easily changed the numbers in hopes of making the spill look less harmful than it actually was so they didn’t have to pay as much money in the end.
The Gulf of Mexico oil spill by British Petroleum is the largest environmental catastrophe in the history of the United States (Clean & Energy, 1). Over two hundred million gallons of oil was released into the Gulf of Mexico (Clean & Energy, 1). The oil flowed for approximately three months (Clean & Energy, 1). Within that time period, the spill was responsible for eleven human deaths (Clean & Energy, 1). Extensive damage was done to the environme... ... middle of paper ... ...e 1-2.
(2011, January 16). Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling Edit Classification Publishing Workflow Featured Settings Delete Content Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling. Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/162358/ Osofsky, H. M. (n.d.). Multidimensional Governance and the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.