The visage of a bulky, awkward colonial explorer flickered on television sets throughout the United States on that day in 1969. It was an event that signified much more than what was being relayed. All watched in admiration and awe as the first steps on the moon were made by Neil Armstrong, a lowly Earth creature never meant to break free of its planet’s atmosphere. But it did. And it was an American. As the moon particles settled around the explorer, and a star-spangled flag was brandished, a political victory came into focus, though most television viewers were unable to see clearly what was happening. JFK’s outer space promises to the American people were fulfilled through the NASA program, and we’d left the Soviets, our scientific and ideological rivals, eating our otherworldly dust.
It is within man’s blood and nature to explore, and space is our next New World. Man’s first achievement in space travel was the launch of the Sputnik on October 4, 1957. For the next decades, space travel was roaring like a rocket, fueled by man’s desire to explore, man’s desire for knowledge, and man’s desire to beat his enemies. However, these impulses have died out as the well of government funding has been diverted to wars and debts, and the interest of the American people has been diverted to wars and debts. Amidst all these issues it is debated as to whether or not space travel is worth the money and the attention of scientists, particularly since humanity faces so many issues on earth currently. However, because of the past inventions, current services, and future benefits, space travel is indeed worth the money and attention of governments and people. It is within our hands to control man’s advancement, and space travel is the next venue to do so.
In this article, Lind devotes most of his time arguing of why human spaceflight should end. He provides very little evidence for any benefits of using robotic probes. He does describe a few examples of where they are going, but he doesn’t give any information on what the advantage is of using robotic probes rather than humans. Lind has a very sarcastic tone in this argument, and he doesn’t give enough credit to the astronauts. In conclusion, I believe that this article is not written well, and has minuscule evidence to why spaceflight should end, which ironically is the title of the article.
"The important achievement of Apollo was a demonstration that humanity is not forever chained to this planet, and our visions go rather further than that, and our opportunities are unlimited." (Armstrong, 1976) When Neil Armstrong took his first step out of the lunar module and onto the moon he astonished the world and brought all of mankind together. The investigation of space continued in all of its joys, the completion of the International Space Station, and its sorrows, which included the loss of the Challenger and Columbia crews, but humankind never lost its rapture in the universe or the desire for discovery. The continuation of astronautical research and humanity’s venture into space is essential to promote the exploration, innovation, and inspiration necessary for the future.
John F. Kennedy challenged us to dream, his divine guidance gave the nation courage, and fearlessly we aspired to reach for the moon, to distinguish ourselves from the rest of the world. The Space Race was symbolic of many things. Our future, as the technically dominate nation prevailed; we not only reached the moon, we conquered it as a nation; united. What the United States NASA had done was an enormous move ahead into science and history. Today, where we stand as a nation, is due to this great leap in technology. Had it not been for this, our knowledge would be a fragment of what it is today. It wasn't just a small step for Neil Armstrong; it was a fundamental and significant step for humanity.
“The Space Race”. Newseum: From the Earth to the Moon. Stories of the Century. 9 March 2010.
"Address at Rice University on the Nation's Space Effort." Address at Rice University on the Nation's Space Effort. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. .
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, created to research and develop breakthroughs in space exploration, has strayed from its initial purpose of historical accomplishments, even so far as to become a hindrance to the social and economic life of Americans. For over 35 years, mankind has remained within Earth’s low orbit despite the billions of tax-payer dollars that are given to NASA. The leadership at NASA discourages privately funded industries to aid the “space race” and has claimed space as its domain. In addition, the government funded space program has a problem of over budgeting, not starting or finishing expensive projects, and working on pointless experiments.
"I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon, and returning him, safely to the earth. No single space project in this period will be more important in the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult of expensive to accomplish."(John F. Kennedy - "Special Joint Session of Congress", May 25th, 1961)
In the 1960s, the United States and USSR started a race exploring outer space. Both countries invested a lot of money on building missiles. In 1957, the Soviets shocked the world by launching the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1. United States suddenly realized the importance of the space. In 1962, the first American orbited Earth. Seven years later, Neil Armstrong became the first human to travel the moon. The space race changed world pattern. It consolidated US position and weakened USSR. Although the space race spent huge amount of taxpayer’s money, it ultimately changed American views, restored people’s confidence from losing Vietnam War, strengthened US economy, and significantly affected American future.