The Iroquois Native Americans were the first people to live in America before any other man came. It is believed that the Native Americans came from Asia way back during the Ice Age through a land bridge of the Bering Strait. When the Europeans first set foot on America, there were about 10 million Native Americans living in America, North of Mexico (“American”). Native Americans had all separated and made their own tribes. Some of the many Native American tribes that still exist are those of the Iroquoian tribes, consisting of five, now six, different tribes.
My tribe was often visited by French navigators and fishermen from the Great Bank and that they built there before 1555 a fort or settlement. When more thorough exploration began in the 17th century my Penobscot chief, known as Bashaba (a term probably equivalent to head-chief), seems to have had primacy over all the New England tribes southward to the Merrimac. After the war my tribe joined our emigrant tribesmen in Canada, and they now constitute the only important body of Indians remaining in New England excepting the Passamaquoddy. My tribes count in numbers estimates within the present century give them from 300 to 400 souls. They now number about 410.
It is a vital element in maintaining the group's unity and sense of identity. Creation stories, for example, help to define for the listener a sense of how human beings relate to the Creator and to the world. A creation story of the Pocumtucks explains the origin of the Pocumtuck Range, located in present-day Deerfield, and Sunderland, Massachusetts. The story tells of a huge lake in which lived a rapacious giant beaver. The people complained to the god Hobomok that the beaver was attacking them and consuming all of the local resources.
They united to create the Iroquois Confederacy. They hoped to stop the fighting. Five Native Americans nations joined together and wrote a constitution. The most important rule says “that people should put an end to war and instead settle their differences through peaceful means” (Takacs, 2003, p.12). These ideas inspired our founding fathers to create their own version of the constitution.
The 50 Aboriginal languages belong to 11 major language families - 10 First Nations and Inuktitut. Some of these families are large and strong, others small and vulnerable. The three largest families together represent 93% of persons with an Aboriginal mother tongue. About 147,000 people have Algonquian as mother tongue, the family that includes Cree and Ojibway. Another 28,000 have Inuktitut, and 20,000 have Athapaskan.
Racheal Holiday USU 1300 Paper 1 Iroquois Confederation and Democracy Many people remark that the Iroquois Confederacy is an important fact in history because they offered so much to the Europeans by means of government and collaboration. The confederacy was also known as the Iroquois League, or “the people of the long house”. The Iroquois League which was composed of five nations or six nations from 1722. These Six Nations consisted of Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora. They occupied a part of the country which extended across the present New York State from the Hudson River to Lake Erie and north of the Catskill Mountains.
United States History The Iroquois Nation, spanning from 1400 or even 1100 A.D. to 1831, was the longest lasting native empire in history. The Iroquois were the only North American native civilization, and the only group of natives in North America to incorporate multiple tribes into a democratic state, and without influence of outside parties. The Six Nations, as they were called, were a true democracy and one of the only ones since Athens in Ancient Greece. Like any great democracy, the Iroquois Nation had a legislative government consisting of fifty representatives from the five nations; (the sixth was the Tuscarora, a native group of North Carolina, driven out by English settlers and incorporated into the nation; however, they were disenfranchised because they were not part of the original five. )(Bial, 14) The Iroquois also had a written constitution called the Great Binding Law, or Gayanashagowa.
Furthermore by comparing the two themes we can see how different these two stories, that have a connection to Native Americans, really are. By analyzing these elements we are able to see two different aspects of Native American culture. “The Iroquois Creation Story” is set before the existence of humans as we know them, but not absent of a physical place, or other beings. “The Iroquois Creation Story” has a very supernatural setting with many mythical and magical elements. The first lines of the story stated,
Originally composed of 5 tribes (the Tuscarora didn’t join till 1722) the tribes had a place in the metaphorical longhouse. They were the “Kanyengehaga”, or “people of the flint” (Ritchie) because of the flinty place where they lived. They were the guardians of the eastern door, which would become a crucial position when trade began with the early settlers. The other tribes were the Oneidas, Onondaga, Seneca, and Cayuga. The Iroquois council was composed of Sachems.
The big find is the CANDLESTICK OF DEATH, nations fight over who gets it, tourist attraction. They integrate the different stories with this quote: "The Hoopoe bird ought to be the world symbol for archaelogists. Us archaelogists also go furiously about, poking our noses into the earth". Also talks about the flints that are found on the dig site that are relating to those of the UR family. Later on found more stuff that showed how much the Old Testament had evolved just in 1100 BC.