The Whig Government led Lord John Russell from 1846 to 1852 severely worsened the effects of The Irish Potato Famine; causing nearly one-eighth of the population to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine was much more destructive of human life than the majority of famines in history. In Ireland many was poor, and needed potato crops to keep from starving. Many also needed to harvest the potato crops to make money to pay their landlord rent for the plots that the tenants rented to keep from losing their land. The effects of the Irish Potato Famine were a tremendous impact on the economy of Ireland.
The Irish Potato Famine was the worst tragedy in the history of Ireland. The outcome of the famine would result in hundreds of thousands dead, an failure of the economy in Ireland, and millions of emigrants forced to leave their home and country just to try to survive. The famine would effect countries other than Ireland as well. Some of these countries included England, America, Canada, and Australia. The next five years, almost all Irish citizens, would have the hardest struggle that they would ever face.
The Great Famine of 1845 With 3 million either gone or dead from the island of Ireland, 1845 was possibly the most painful year in its history. It was also obvious that something was afflicting Ireland, with the smell and sight of the crops. Death rate grew high, and immigration even higher during this time period of the famine. The Great Potato Famine of 1845 had a massive effect on Ireland in population decrease, the reactions of the people, and effects it had on the future of Ireland. One of the biggest, and nastiest, effects of the famine was population decrease.
One hundred and fifty years after the famine, one can still see the effect of the famine in the world, in the number of Irish immigrants spread throughout, the treeless landscape of Ireland, the broken down home structures found along the countryside of Ireland, and the emergence of two countries: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. It is a fact that the British government did not do enough in aiding the Irish during the famine, which left hatred burning through the surviving Irish. Had the British government done more to help, perhaps not as much of the civil conflicts that occurred would have happened. The Potato Famine worsened the relationship between Britain and Ireland, ultimately leading up to the split of Ireland into two countries.
Nonetheless, the Irish famine is unique as the proportion of the population who either died or who were forced to escape from its effects was as high as thirty-five percent of the total population in 1850. To this day, the Irish population has never fully recovered, remaining half of pre-famine levels, thus showing Ireland is still socially scarred even in 2013. As a result, the famine is an event still discussed and debated today; influencing Irish politics and its position within the British Isles. Questions about morality and blame have led to historians to attempt to critique British and Irish response during the famine, whilst cataloging the short term and long-term consequences. Although most blame is primarily placed on the regional and national governments response to the famine crisis, the actions of the State do not provide an adequate analysis of early nineteenth century social structures which would shape Ireland both economically, socially and politically in the years before the famine.
Alexis Dudley Mr. Bill Briggs World History 5 March 2014 The Irish Potato Famine The Irish Potato Famine was one of the single most dramatic and devastating events in human history. It impacted not only the Irish, but the English and Americans as well. Millions died from this famine and millions more Irish fled from the place they had always called home to other countries such as Great Britain, Canada, and the United States with the hopes of finding a better life. It triggered one of the first big migrations of immigrants to the United States. The Famine began 1845 to 1850, beginning in the fall of 1845 when the potatoes in Ireland were harvested.
"It is difficult to know how many men and women died in Ireland in the famine years between 1845 and 1852. Perhaps all that matters is the certainty that many, very many died. The Great Famine was not the first nor the last period of acute distress in Irish history. The Great Famine may be seen as but a period of greater misery in a prolonged age of suffering, but it has left an enduring mark on the folk memory because of its duration and severity” (Dudley-Edwards and Williams).
The Great Potato Famine occurred in Ireland beginning in the mid 1840’s to the late 1840’s and early 1850’s. This outbreak was caused by a fungus called Phytophthora Infestans. At the time of this outbreak occurred the potato was a staple in the diet of one-third of the Irish population. This outbreak caused many Irish citizens to immigrate to places like the United States of America. But among those that were not able to leave Ireland were the farmers and the other Irish citizens that could not afford to emigrate to another country and they also relied on the potato as a source of food.
The great potato famine was a period of great starvation, disease and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852 which made the Irish population dropped my 25 percent. The potato famine started in September 1845. It was so bad it killed over millions of men children and women... The leaves on potato plants turned black and curled and then rotted and there was a fog over the fields a crossed Ireland. This fungus named “phytophthora infestans” caused the potato leaves to turn black and curl up.
The Great Famine of Ireland At the start of 1845, all was well on the island of Ireland. The union with England gave the over eight million Irish the protection and support of the most powerful and prosperous nation of the time, as well as offering a strong market for exporting the more profitable agricultural produce. And the potato, the blessed potato, provided a cheap, healthy diet for many farmers and laborers. The Irish loved their potatoes. In fact for two-thirds of the entire population the potato was an integral part of the diet, and half of them ate almost nothing else (Harris 2).