With little money, families began to migrate because they could no longer provide in the failing Ireland economy. In the 1800's nearly 1/3 of Ireland's population had been dependent on potatoes. The potato was a very nutritious and easily produced crop that could survive in very poor soil. The potato also had a very high yield in a little area of land and the cost was very low, this was why the potato was one of the greate... ... middle of paper ... ...y a majority of the cost with little aid from England. The English essentially made the Irish a territory not an equal who would have to save itself from the famine brought by the trading ships from Mexico.
The Irish people were very poor during this time. No one could afford their own land, so they had to rent land from the British landlords. The Irish planted potatoes because they were easy to grow and very nutritious (Gavin1). The British owned the land while the poor Irish farmed it. The British shipped all the Irish crops except potatoes back to England to make a profit.
The Irish Potato Famine was a period of starvation, disease and emigration, and was known as one of the biggest tragedies from 1845 to 1847. Many people depended on potato crops to survive; however [comma] the potato crops acquired blight, a disease that caused the potatoes to rot while still in the ground. No good crops could be grown for two years [comma] causing Irish tenant farmers unable to pay rent and was forced off their land causing over 21,000 people to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine caused many people to leave Ireland to seek work overseas in areas such as England and America. The Irish Potato Famine had a big impact on the history and the economy of Ireland.
When evicted they couldn't grab any of their personal belongings they were literally forced out o... ... middle of paper ... ... It is estimated over these five horrifying years, that around two million Irish died. One million deaths are attributed to starvation while another million is attributed to immigration and sickness. It has taken many years for the Irish to recover the loss of 25% of their population, many of these deaths being children and the elderly. This led to an immense age gap in the general population.
This wasn’t the only reason the Fenian movement occurred though the great potato famine 1845 forced people from there homeland. The Fenian movement was when the people of Ireland were forced from there homeland because of the lack of natural resources and military action by the British. Another aspect to the Fenian movement was that Irish citizens didn’t have much money because they are not industrialized and they have an agricultural economy, which led up to the potato famine. Irish farmers didn’t have enough money to produce potatoes efficiently; this is when the blight occurred. Another branch that led from living in poverty was lack of military supplies.
This meant that potatoes then rotted and became inedible. The potato is the staple food of the Irish peoples’ diet, consumed with every meal. It had been known in the past that when potato crops had failed, the farmers it affected and their families would starve to death. Due to Ireland’s status as an agricultural nation, the famine hit them especially hard. Only around a quarter of the population can read or write and the life expectancy is around 40.
When this particular blight, containing the fungus phytophthora infestans, struck the potatoes, it killed the tuber of the plant and potatoes all throughout Ireland began to rot. The blight also hit the rest of Europe and America however, these countries were not as dependent on the potato crop as was Ireland, so it was a mere annoyance to people (Beaumont, 383). This huge fall in potato crops created a catastrophic problem. The potato had been the ideal food for the hugely poor rural population of Ireland. No other crop could be produced as quickly as the potato and in such high numbers.
However, when the farmers dug up the expected crop that year, they were faced with a black, liquid mess. This lead to a 50% loss in potatoes and each family had to fend for themselves and harvest however many potatoes they needed. The potato crops increasingly worsened from 1845 to 1847. Three years of bad potato crops devastated the country of Ireland in more ways than one. What we know it as today as the Irish Potato Famine caused many health and economic problems for the citizens of Ireland.
Many people also blamed the British for letting the famine get so bad. These effects will be discussed throughout the paper. Starvation was one of the main effects of the Great Potato Famine, which was “unlike other subsistence crises” (Crawford, 114). The Irish people were very dependant on potatoes as a source of food. “The majority of the Irish peasants did not have access to the type of land or amount of land required for wheat (grain) production, and thus the potato became the crucial staple crop” (Braa 200).
The Irish people depended heavily on potatoes, so when their main crop failed, the people were left without food to eat and without anything to sell for money. Many other people that did not die in Ireland immigrated to other countries like the United States in search for a better life. This famine was one of the reasons for large groups of Irish settlements in the Midwest, as they only knew farming to make a living. To make matters worse, the country bordering them, England, was little help to them. The relationship between these two countries was a little sketchy at the time.