Iran's Nuclear Program

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I. Topic Description Iran’s Nuclear Program The Islamic Republic of Iran’s conquest for nuclear energy technology commenced during the 1950’s, inspired by U.S President Dwight Eisenhower’s program called “Atoms for Peace”. This program fabricated a plan in which the U.S Atomic Energy Commission would lend Iran as much as 13.2 pounds of low-enriched uranium in order to further develop their nuclear industries, including health care and medicine.i Two years following the agreement, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi established the Tehran Nuclear Research Center at the Tehran University, and the United States to arranged to supply a five-megawatt reactor. Several years later, in July of 1968, Iran signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and six years following the signing of the NPT, Iran successfully completed the Safeguards Agreement under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).ii Despite the nuclear energy flowing into Iran during it’s infant stages in developing civilian nuclear energy, several nations, including the United States, France, and Germany, all became apprehensive of Iran’s nuclear program becoming too ambitious in the years leading up the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Due to their growing concern over Tehran’s nuclear capabilities, countries began canceling their projects to build reactors within Iran. Furthermore, after the overthrow of the Shah during the Islamic Revolution, a majority of the international assistance that was given to develop Iranian nuclear programs was terminated, and Iran was forced to search elsewhere for support. Many non-proliferation experts agree that Iran’s ambitions for United Kingdom Security Council Nuclear Iran nuclear power began during the mid 1980’s, and it is believed ... ... middle of paper ... ...ntrol Association | The Authoritative Source on Arms Control since 1971. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . ix "IRAN NUCLEAR: UK COMMONS REPORT WILL CALL FOR DROPPING SUSPENSION; FCO DISCOUNTS REPORT'S IMPACT - Telegraph." Telegraph.co.uk - Telegraph Online, Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph - Telegraph. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. wikileaks/8299142/IRAN-NUCLEAR-UK-COMMONS-REPORT-WILL-CALL-FOR-DROPPING- SUSPENSION-FCO-DISCOUNTS-REPORTS-IMPACT.html>. x "A Diplomatic Solution to Iran's Nuclear Program - by Muhammad Sahimi." Antiwar.com. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . xi "A Diplomatic Solution to Iran's Nuclear Program - by Muhammad Sahimi." Antiwar.com. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. .
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