President Ronald Reagan strongly opposed the Sandinista government of Nicaragua in 1979, suggesting its communist nature as the reason for a necessary opposition. While the workings of the Iran-Contra affair were entirely covert, there was a time when Reagan openly supported Nicaraguan rebel factions. The president was understood to strongly oppose the Sandinista regime as evident by the termination of Nicaraguan aid and the support of the Nicaraguan Democratic Resistance. At one point, Regan goes on to state his readiness "to accept the idea of overt aid to the anti-Sandinista guerrillas in Nicaragua." Reagan went on to address Congress and compel them to take action in Nicaragua as a function of United States foreign policy.
Trager, Oliver. The Iran-Contra Arms Scandal: Foreign Policy Disaster. New York, NY: Facts on File Publications, 1988. Walsh, Lawrence E. Iran-Contra: the Final Report. New York: Times Books, 1994.
John Wiley & Sons, 2003. McMurdo, Torey L. The United States, Britain, and the Hidden Justification of Operation TPAJAX. Risen, James. "Secrets of History: The C.I.A in Iran." The New York Times.
His second term which dealt mostly with foreign affairs marked a downfall in his reputation. As part of his foreign policy and an effort to stop the spread of communism, Reagan thought it was important to help the Nicaraguan insurgents, the contras, to end their communistic government. Under the Reagan Doctrine, which was constructed to oppose Soviet influence and had a lot of “support for anti- Communist revolutions” , the CIA was ordered to assist the contras with military activities. However, excesses made by CIA resulted in Congress ending the aid as funding money started running out. The Boland Amendment, which was signed earlier in 1984, “denied requests of assistance to Contras and prohibited any help from any nation or group.” However, the Reagan administration decided to continue arming and traini... ... middle of paper ... ...rule of law from being applied to the perpetrators of criminal activity of constitutional dimension.” With every effort taken, the Americans were finally released.
“So I guess in a way they are counter revolutionary, and God bless them for being that way and I guess that makes them contras, and so it makes me a contra too.” In 1979, a bitter war broke out in Nicaragua between the Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction, the Nicaraguan government, and the Contras, a vicious rebel group. The goal of this war was simple, overthrow the Nicaraguan government and restore freedom for all Nicaraguan citizens. It was this that caught the eye of the American government and it was not too long before the U.S began to fund the Contras. Although the United States government funded the contras, they viewed them with skepticism being that they were extremely controversial. The U.S president during this time, Ronald Reagan, fell in love with the contras belief system and fought to keep them funded.
Walsh., Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran Contra Matters: Investigations and Prosecutions (Washington, DC 1993) 2. Peter Kornbluh and Malcolm Byrne, The Iran-Contra Scandal: The Declassified History (New York: The New Press, 1993 ) 380. Kornbluh and Byrne 385. Walsh 3. Walsh 12.
Journal of International Affairs, 60, 138. Harris, S. & Aid, M. (2013, August 26). Exclusive: CIA Files Prove America Helped Saddam as He Gassed Iran. Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/08/25 secret_cia_files_prove_america_helped_saddam_as_he_gassed_iran Watson, B.
The Causes and Timing of Iraq's Wars: A Power Cycle Assessment . International Political Science Review , 24(1), 161-165. Segal, D. (1988). The Iran-Iraq War: A Military Analysis. Foreign Affairs, 66(5), 946-963.
There were two parts to the scandal; the first being arms transfers to Iran, and the second being the aid of the contras in Nicaragua. The root of the Iranian scandal was a terrorist group, Hezbollah, taking American hostages (“Foreign Affairs, 1985-1992 ‘Irangate’” U-S-History.com). President Reagan, frustrated by his inability to free the hostages, began pursuing alternate methods of procuring freedom, and therefore b... ... middle of paper ... ...ientists, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2009. .
The Iran Contra Affair The Iran Contra Affair was a secret arrangement to provide funds to Nicaraguan contra rebels from profits accumulated by selling arms to Iran in the 1980's. There is much controversy surrounding this scandal, including the president's knowledge of these events. Throughout the trials, President Regan claimed that he knew nothing about the diversion of funds, or the illegal arms sales to Iran. The following information gathered will prove otherwise. The president not only knew about these arrangements, but also made certain that the contra rebels would be funded.