Investigating The Mental Rotation Performance Of Human Figures
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The purpose of the experiment conducted by Jansen and Lehmann (2013) on object-based mental rotation was to investigate the mental rotation performance in male and female soccer players, gymnasts, and non-athletes. The study was conducted because no previous research included both soccer players and gymnasts. Previously, experiments had been conducted that addressed both groups separately compared to non-athletes, but no research had included all three groups. In addition, the experiment considered the differences reflected in the results when human shaped stimuli and simple block objects were used in the mental rotation tasks. The study also tracked the gender of the participants and considered that characteristic when examining the results. Overall, the experiment studied the ability to mentally rotate human figures and block object shapes and compared the results by segregating the participants into groups of soccer players, gymnasts and non-athletes that consisted of both genders.
There were several hypotheses being tested through the research, and the investigation was carried out to evaluate the hypothesis that the mental rotation performance of human figures would be better than the mental rotation test of cube block objects in all individuals, regardless of gender or athletic background. In addition, because males typically perform better on mental rotation tests than females, it was hypothesized that the difference in performance between genders would be smaller when human figures were used in the test than if cube block objects were used. Finally, the investigators hypothesized that athletes would perform better on all mental rotation tests than non-athletes. The researchers also decided to investigate, for the first tim...
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...o not. The research in this experiment began to address the possible differences in sports, but more extensive research should be conducted. Only then may we begin to fully examine the effects or correlations of athletics on the ability to mentally rotate objects of various forms.
This research conducted by Jansen and Lehmann addressed some of the gaps in the research that existed at the time, but now more investigation is required. This could lead to the understanding in the differences between male and female cognitive processing, and the differences caused by different sport training. Overall the research was well-conducted and thorough, and has opened the possibility of further research in the areas that remain unclear. Hopefully, more investigation can be performed to illuminate this tiny facet of our understanding of the brain, its functions, and its abilities.