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Investigating Factors Leading to the Increase in Mass-production in the US and Great Britain in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

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Investigating Factors Leading to the Increase in Mass-production in the US and Great Britain in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Mass production – the combination of single purpose machines and

unskilled labour to produce standardised goods played a pinnacle role

in industrial efficiency during the last century. But why did it

become the dominant form of production?

It is pertinent to define the term mass-production as used in this

paper before going on to discuss why it became the dominant production

process in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A discussion of

general infrastructure improvements; communication links, distribution

and technical innovations will also be included. Throughout the essay

the reader will be provided with examples of these aspects, stating

how and why they came about.

Mass production is dictionary defined as the manufacturing of

standardised goods in large quantities. Chandler defines

mass-production industries as those in which technological and

organisational innovation created a high rate of throughput and

therefore permitted a small working force to produce a massive output.[1]

Division and specialisation of labour and mechanisation sped up

production to allow the manufacture of near-identical, interchangeable

parts. Such parts were then assembled quickly into finished products

on an assembly line. The new methods of transportation and

communication allowed large quantities of raw materials to be

continuously ploughed into the production process and finished

products to be efficiently distributed away to market. To develop

this however - innovation of machinery and proce...

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[12] Boyce, G and Ville, S (2002) The Development of Modern Business

[13] Boyce, G and Ville, S (2002) The Development of Modern Business

[14] Schmitz, C. J., (1993). The Growth of Big Business in the United

Sates and Western Europe, 1850- 1939

[15] Schmitz, C. J., (1993). The Growth of Big Business in the United

Sates and Western Europe, 1850- 1939

[16] Schmitz, C. J., (1993). The Growth of Big Business in the United

Sates and Western Europe, 1850- 1939

[17] Schmitz, C. J., (1993). The Growth of Big Business in the United

Sates and Western Europe, 1850- 1939

[18] Huczynski, A and Buchanan, D. (2003). Organizational Behaviour:

An Introductory Text

[19] Amin, A (1994). Post-fordism a Reader

[20] Sim, K, L (1999) “An Empirical Examination of Management Control

System in JIT Manufacturing”
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