Intricate Independence

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At the start of World War II, Libyan nationalists considered getting involved in the war because it could bring freedom from Italy. The nationalists were naturally on the side of the allies because they opposed their colonizer. Britain agreed to support a move toward independence after the war if the Libyans supported the British. When Italy invaded Egypt, a small British army defeated them. This gave hope to the Libyans that the allies might win the war and they would obtain freedom. The Sanusi army, the Libyan Arab Force, in Libya fought with the British during battles in the Western Desert. This help and sacrifice is what earned Libya recognition by the British at the end of the war.1
After WWII, all of the coastal cities except for Tripoli were in physical disarray and Libya did not have a central or local government to reconstruct the cities. There could be no post-war recovery until a permanent government was established.
There were different beliefs as to what should happen to the individual colonies based on which one the citizens lived in. Tripolitanians wanted to unite the provinces for more stability, Cyrenaica would rather accept Sanusi rule, and Fezzan favored French rule because it would promote trading with other French colonies and Europe. In addition, none of the allied powers wanted to allow Libya to be independent.2
After the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the four allied powers of the United States, France, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union could not agree on a future for Libya.3 However, they all agreed that they should not allow Libya to be independent. The allied powers had concerns about how an independent Libya would support itself. After all, it would instantly become one of the poorest countr...

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...untry, it contained good relations with the Arab world and the west. Overall, Libyans were proud that they were the first country in North Africa to gain independence. 8

Works Cited

1"Libyan History: Italian Colonization (1911-42)." Historical Boy's Clothing. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. .
2 4 7 Chorin, Ethan Daniel. Exit the Colonel: The Hidden History of the Libyan Revolution. New York: PublicAffairs, 2012. Print.
3 5 Dickovick, James Tyler. Africa 2013. 48th ed. Lanham: Stryker-Post, 2013. Print.
6"Libya:The Making of State; Libya's Independence." Libya. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 May 2014. .
8"Libya: History." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 9 May 2014. http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/Topics/ Display/ 105?cid=57&terms=Libya
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