According to Freudian theory, this is also typified by believing a fantasy to be the truth. "Neurotics turn away from reality because they find it unbearable; the most extreme type of this turning away from reality is shown by certain cases of hallucinatory psychosis which seek to deny the particular event that occasioned the outbreak of their insanity" (Freud, 301). In this passage, Freud describes the psychological techniques that a neurotic mind uses in order to cope with a traumatic event. Instead of coming to terms with their trauma, the mind will alter the events and shape them around a delusion in order to produce a more pleasing conc... ... middle of paper ... ...ing fantasy. In addition, Dr. Caligari and Cesare are not real people; they are fragments of Francis' psyche and serve the purpose of objects onto which the blame is displaced.
Hypochondriasis is a mental illness wherein an individual is preoccupied with the fear of having or the idea of having a serious disease. It involves the misunderstanding of bodily symptoms. The sensations of most hypochondriacs are intense and disturbing, leading to incorrectly connecting the symptoms to a serious disease. It said that hypochondria is caused by a patients excessive worrying with having or developing a disease. Often these patients seek medical attention, but a doctor's reassurance does not help the situation.
Like modern medicine, alternative medicines have some flaws too. It can cause nausea in acupuncture, and also it can be generalized as the placebo effect and play a mind trick on people. Amy Matthew said in the article "Supporters, Detractors Passionate About Homeopathy." that ”Detractors--and there are many--say there's little scientific proof that homeopathy works. They dismiss it as a placebo that may actually harm people by causing them to delay getting treatment for a serious condition.”.
Such forces may lead to overdiagnosis or an “unintended medicalization of normality” that reduces the validity of the concept of psychopathology (Frances & Widiger, 2012). But physicians and clinicians operate with an understandable bias for making false positive diagnoses over false negatives, which is likely reflected in their definitions of disorder. Nowhere is that clearer than in Rosenhan’s 1973 study on the “sane in insane places.” Professionals are the ones defining psychopathology on a daily basis through diagnosis and treatment, and they are biased by setting (the institutions they work in) and prior diagnoses—once a patient had a label, they were stuck with it. As Rosenhan (1973) concluded, “Psychiatric diagnosis betrays little about the patient but much about the environment in which an observer finds
Although physician assisted suicide may result in the fulfillment of another’s choice, be considered a compassionate mean to end suffering, or even be considered a right, I believe it is not morally acceptable. In the act of physician assisted suicide, a patient voluntarily requests his or her doctor to assist in providing the means needed for self killing. In most cases of physician assisted suicide, patients who request this type of assistance are terminally ill and mentally competent (i.e. have sufficient understanding of an individual’s own situation and purpose and consequences of any action). Those who have committed the action of physician assisted suicide or condone the act may believe that one has the right to end their own life, the right of autonomy (the right or condition of self governing), the right to a dignified death, believe that others have a duty to minimize suffering, or believe it (physician assisted suicide) to be a compassionate act, or a combination of these things.
Therapeutic privilege involves the deception of patients by their doctors. If a doctor feels that pertinent information may potentially do more harm to the patient than good, he may withhold that information. It was once widely believed that if a terminal patient found out he/she were going to die, the information would ultimately cause him/her more harm and anguish. To “protect” their patients, doctors often withheld such information. Grounds for this justification are in the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence.
Lois Snyder, Director of Center for Ethics at American College of Physicians, discusses reasoning aga... ... middle of paper ... ... drugs to help a terminally-ill patient end their life. Overall, suicide is displayed in the Oath as unethical, considering the Hippocratic author aims at preserving life and not harming the body. Therefore, if this document is used to influence modern medicine, it should be forbidden to allow physicians to assist patients in committing suicide using drugs or poisons. In conclusion, modern day ethics are beginning to stray away from traditional thoughts against suicide. It has now become a case of greed and selfishness when a person decides to take control of their own death with the help of a physician.
In “Should Doctors Tell the Truth?” Joseph Collins argues for paternalistic deception, declaring that it is permissible for physicians to deceive their patients when it is in their best interests. Collins considers his argument from a “pragmatic” standpoint, rather than a moral one, and uses his experience with the sick to justify paternalistic deception. Collins argues that in his years of practicing, he has encountered four types of patients who want to know the truth: those that want to know so they know how much time they have left, those who do not want to know and may suffer if told the truth, those who are incapable of hearing the truth, and those who do not have a serious diagnosis (605). Collins follows with the assertion that the more serious the condition is, the less likely the patient is to seek information about their health (606). Collins argues that doctors should frequently withhold ... ... middle of paper ... ...
Psychotherapy is not always effective, especially if symptoms are severe and the person can 't admit that he or she contributes to problems.” Psychiatric medications are given to stabilize eccentric behavior, mood, and also reduce depressive behavior these individuals may exhibit. “There are no medications specifically approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat antisocial personality disorder.” Although many of these treatments are guaranteed to completely suppress the dangerous behavior of antisocial personality disorder, they serve as a purpose to reduce the behavior. (Staff M. C.,
Various cultures have different perspectives on what causes illness and how the sick should go about the treatment process. For instance, Asians believe that illnesses stem from some supernatural phenomena and only prayers or other mystical interventions can cure them. Consequently, a patient from the Asian culture is unlikely to comply with medical treatment involving modern drugs and technologies. The environment where an individual lives can also affect his behavior when he goes to seek health care services. There are some societies where people do not believe in ... ... middle of paper ... ...o should be involved in the treatment process.