The Federalists saw it differently. They opted for a powerful central government with weaker state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution. The seemingly solid divide between Federalist and Republican would begin to blur during the presidencies of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. For, neither Republican president was able lead the nation with purely republican ideals. In 1800 Jefferson entered office with the intention to move away from the Federalist policies of Washington and Adams and to put the nation onto a path that he thought would be best.
The ratification of this new constitution created a debate among the federalists and the anti-federalists. The federalists were supporters of the ratification and were led by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison. These three Federalist leaders wrote "The Federalist Papers", a series of eighty-five essays defending the Constitution, under the name "Publius", and circulated the documents widely. They claimed that the division of powers and the system of checks and balances would protect Americans from the tyranny of centralized authority. Thus people did not need to be protected from the powers of the new government in a formal way.
He... ... middle of paper ... ...ter the country as a whole. John Randolph, a Democratic Republican of the time even suggested that the Jeffersonian Republicans were taking on the old Federalism principles during Madison’s term. Document F explains how, “this government created and gave power to Congress to regulate commerce…not to lay a duty but with a steady eye to revenue…” As the country grows and matures into a great nation, people realize that change is inevitable and sometimes even needed. Within the time period of 1802 to 1817, many Jeffersonian Republicans realized that their ideals and principles weren’t always best for the nation. That is why they adopted some of the ideals of the old Federalist Party.
Quite the opposite, the Jeffersonian Republicans were of two minds when it came to the Constitution; they went from living by it with states rights to forgetting about it when the Louisiana Purchase came along. From this, one may wonder why the Federalist party died out after the Hartford Convention. The triumph of the Jeffersonian Republicans over the Federalists is due to the Republicans ability to adjust to circumstances. Within the time period of 1801 to 1817, Jeffersonian Republicans recognized that their ideals and philosophy weren't always best for the nation. Hence, the Republicans evolved from a rigid interpretation of the Constitution to a more permissive one.
The Federalists supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution, a strong central government, high tariffs, a navy, military spending, a national debt, and a national bank (all ideas of the Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton). The Democratic-Republicans opposed all of the said ideas and fought for states' rights and the citizens to govern the nation. Originally, each of these parties stuck to their own views and ideas, but eventually would accept eachother's views and use them as their own. Thomas Jefferson's strict interpretation not only stretched on political views, but religious views as well. Creating the Virginia Statue of Religious Freedom, Jefferson gave states the right to make those decisions, and the federal government had no say in religion (1).
Under the administrations of both George Washington and Adams, Jefferson was also concerned that the rituals of the presidency resembled too closely the monarchical models of Europe, which he detested. By 1800 Jefferson was convinced that the government must be put on a more republican tack if the new Republic were to succeed, and he directed his efforts in the election of 1800 toward that end. In a nation of farmers, Jefferson's belief in the virtues of an agrarian republic of independent farmers won wide support. The Republicans also drew support from artisans and workers in towns and cities, where Jefferson's opposition to an aristocracy of privilege gained him the image of a man of the people. The Jeffersonian Republicans found little support among the banking, manufacturing, and commercial interests attracted to Hamilton's vision of an industrial America.
The solid divide between the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalist began to blur during the presidencies of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Both parties occasionally strayed from their core beliefs, for neither parties were able to lead the nation with purely republican/federalist ideals. When Jefferson entered office, his intentions were to move away from the Federalist policies and to put the nation onto the pathway that he thought would be more beneficial. His republican beliefs were illustrated in his letter to Gideon Granger on the 13th of August, 1800 (Document A) were he expressed his wish to minimize the power of the central government by strengthening the state governments. “Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government…” Jefferson envisaged a government with the people’s interest at heart, and in order to do so Jefferson believed that the federal Constitution should have been preserved, and if not, the future for the nation would not have been so great.
The prominent politicians of the day had many different opinions. George Washington focused on the importance of remaining neutral during the end of his second term. John Adams inherited the problem when he was inaugurated. However, his views clashed with those of his vice president Thomas Jefferson who favored affiliation with the French. Adams also disagreed with Alexander Hamilton a leader in the Federalist Party with which Adams was supposed to be affiliated.
New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1989, p 250. Meyerson, Joel. A Historical Guide To Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000 Siepmann, Katherine Baker. Benet’s Reader’s Encyclopedia.
Title: Thomas Jefferson, by David Saville Muzzey. Published: New York, Scribner, 1918. Thomas Jefferson, an intimate history [by] Fawn M. Brodie. Published: New York, Norton  http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/mtjhtml/mtjhome.html http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Forum/1683/ljindex.htm