The American people, along with the government, wanted nothing more than to destroy Japan, and win the war. In the Monica Sone document, I belief that the frustrations that the Americans were feeling are expressed in their entirety. The American people were so angry with the Japanese people, and so afraid that the Japanese would attack again, that the Americans basically rejected anyone that looked Japanese. To the Americans, regardless of whether you were native born, if you looked Japanese you were the enemy. The American government did not want to take chances, so they gathered all the people of Japanese decent and made them live under military law.
In the process of war the public skipped to the conclusion that all Japanese Americans were out to get them. The suspicion of a government takeover was on everyones mind. Paranoia led people into to thinking every single Japanese American was guilty, no matter if it was a child, a WWI veteran, or if they had ever even been to Japan. The suspicion did not end there, inducing temporary segregation, and the exploitation of japanese american’s human rights. Mass hysteria and racism influenced the government's actions towards the Japanese.
Since there was a huge influx of Japanese Americans in the West Coast, there was anger and fear that they might take over the U.S [Yellow Peril]. The imminence of the World War II solidified the motive to be afraid of the Japanese Americans and created cause for the U.S government to lead them to internment. Surprisingly even though Americans boasted about democracy, most of the Nikkei placed in internment were American citizens by law and had no right to be incarcerated. After 30 years, President Ford, the current chief of staff reversed Executive Order 9066. He stated that it was wrong to detain Nikkei as they were loyal to America.
The Japanese Government responded by stoping the issuing of passports to contract laborers going to America even if the American employers wanted them and promised employment. (Hoyt 37) The American Federation of Labor struggled to pass Anti- Japanese laws. The press had a field day with the headlines causing the country to become racist against the Japanese. The headlines were not only insulting but also untrue. Finally President Roosevelt intervened and put an end to segregation in exchange for the Gentleman’s Agreement, the United States government agreed to ... ... middle of paper ... ...ater released, “ In various aspects the empire is losing materials: that is , we are getting weaker.
Countless innocent lives were ruined by this choice by American military leaders. It is questioned why the bombs were dropped at all, much less why they were dropped where they were. Many think that if the bombs had to be dropped, the US should have chosen less civilian populated areas. Leahy was named as Chief of Staff of the army and navy to President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1942 and was useful in this position in all the Second World War, and continued under President Harry S. Truman. In relation to the bombings he said, “It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan.
The American public before the attack on Pearl Harbor were isolationists, they may have felt sympathy for the victims of Hitler, Franco, and Mussolini, but did not in fact care enough to get involved in another war. The congressmen they elected into office from the late 1930’s to the early 1940’s respected the wishes of their constituents and therefore did everything in their power to prevent U.S involvement in World War II even after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. In fact one of the only Americans to appear at all concerned with the horrific events occurring across the ocean was President Franklin Roosevelt, however, despite pleas from the heads of the allied forces, even President Roosevelt could not entirely commit to the need for U.S involvement and remained a wishy-washy figure up until the late 1930’s. It was not until 1940, that President Roosevelt was able to take a stand and begin the attempts to talk the American people into actively supporting the allied forces against Nazi forces. The Japanese may get the credit for waking the “sleeping giant”, however, it is in fact President Roosevelt and a small portion of t... ... middle of paper ... .... War secretary Stimson believed it was necessary to “maneuver them into the position offering the first shot without too much damage to ourselves”.
The Incarceration of Japanese Americans is widely regarded as one of the biggest breaches of civil rights in American History. Incarceration evolved from deep-seated anti-Japanese sentiment in the West Coast of the United States. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, pressure from the military leadership, politicians, media and nativist groups in the West Coast eventually convinced the President Franklin Roosevelt that action had to be taken to deal with the national security “threat” that Japanese Americans posed. In reality, Japanese Americans were no real threat to the United States, but the racist sentiments against them prevailed and greatly influenced United States policy during the war. When discussing the internment of Japanese Americans, it is important to understand the definition of terminology used in association with Japanese Americans and internment.
Roosevelt signed the Japanese Americans off to be personally humiliated and in some cases, to die. During this time of World War II the Japanese Americans were not protected when they were put into the internment camps, and they were left to fight against the racial discrimination that fell upon them that caused all their pain and suffering. By all means, Roosevelt was a great president, but his flaws and mistakes should always be pointed out too, along with his wonderful achievements and accomplishments. So in conclusion of Roosevelt, one of his biggest mistakes as president was issuing the Executive Order 9066 after the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. This act was based on ethnicity, which permitted the military to bypass the constitutional safeguards of American citizens in the name of national defense.
A hidden bias would soon become evident in both average civilians and higher positioned government officials. This bias against Japan aided in the formation of the Executive Order 9066, signed by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) on February 19th 1942. Once Executive Order 9066 was signed, with no proof that sabotage or espionage had been committed by Japanese Americans, it allowed for the relocation and summary removal of “enemy aliens” from their homes to incarceration under guard in designated areas / camps. With just one pen and piece of paper, FDR suddenly made it possible for citizens of Japanese descent to be ... ... middle of paper ... ...at essentially contradicted the Bill of Rights. Eleanor Roosevelt, a strong supporter of civil right, as noted in her memoirs, recalled being gob smacked by her husband’s decision in regards to EO9066.
This event serves as a warning to all that racial profiling and stereotyping, even during wartime, should not be implemented. Once 9/11 happened, the government could have secluded all Muslims and Arabs in internment camps and would have maliciously repeated history. It is inspiring to think that we have learned from mistakes and may not repeat them. To answer whether we learned from detaining Japanese Americans, then the answer would be yes; however, Samuel Eliot Morison sums the wars up as “tactically brilliant, and strategically imbecilic”. After Pearl Harbor, the Japanese were not r... ... middle of paper ... ...worse?