International Organizations

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The Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) does not have any direct members as states, though some state agencies act as members. Instead, the non-governmental organization is primarily comprised of corporations, research institutions and other NGOs. The state agencies involved act as observers so that they may support the policies of the Forum without disrupting its function or changing its goals to favor one state. AFED has developed several reports, in conjunction with states in the region that show the need to have sustainable practices and use the natural resources available to protect the region. This includes the use of wind energy and solar power, which is abundant, for clean energy consumption that is more in line with countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Germany. These programs have been adopted by some states that have the economic capacity to pay for them and have shown a high level of commitment to protecting the environment. For the states that cannot afford these practices, they have still shown their understanding that protecting the environment is of great importance. Accord to AFED’s Executive Summary on Sustainable Energy, “twenty Arab countries have policy targets and 16 have enacted some level of renewable energy enabling policies such as feed-in tariffs, fiscal incentives and public financing.” However, there is disagreement as to how effective these policies are and if the governments are really committed to implementation. With the unrest in the region and the continued fighting of many factions, it seems unlikely that real progress will be made as there are more pressing issues for the governments that express public commitment to AFED’s policies. Finally, there... ... middle of paper ... .../environment-sustainable-development/ (accessed April 27, 2014). The SADC does describe their budget in their reports however it is unclear what amount they actually have and how much of this will be appropriated to environmental causes. Southern African Development Community. http://www.sadc.int/files/1613/7243/4333/SADC_ES_Report_2011-2012_web.pdf (accessed April 30, 2014). Southern African Development Community. "Air Quality." . http://www.sadc.int/issues/environment-sustainable-development/air-quality/ (accessed April 30, 2014). Southern African Development Community. "Statistics." . http://www.sadc.int/issues/statistics/ (accessed April 30, 2014). Southern African Development Community. "Directorates & Units." Southern African Development Community :: Directorates & Units. http://www.sadc.int/sadc-secretariat/directorates/ (accessed April 30, 2014).
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