International Business and Globalization

1366 Words6 Pages
1.0 INTRODUCTION According to Robert J. Carbaugh (2011), the high degree of economic interdependence among today’s economics reflects the historical evolution of the world’s economic and political order. At the end of World War II, the United States was economically and politically the most powerful nation in the world, a situation expressed in the saying, “When the United States sneezes, the economies of other nations catch a cold.” But with passage of time, the U.S. economy has become increasingly integrated into the economic activities of foreign countries. Recognizing that world economic interdependence is complex and its effects uneven, the economic community has taken steps toward international cooperation. Conferences devoted to global economic issues have explored the avenues through which cooperation could be fostered between industrial and developing nations. The efforts of developing nations to reap larger gains from international trade and to participate more fully in international institutions have been hastened by the impact of the global recession, industrial inflation, and the burdens of high-priced energy. In short, economic interdependence has become a complex issue in recent times, often resulting in strong and uneven impacts among nations and among sectors within a given nation. Business, labor, investors, and consumers all feel the repercussions of changing economic conditions and trade policies in the other nations. 2.0 GLOBALIZATION Globalization is the ongoing process that deepens and broadens the relationships and interdependence among countries. Globalization is the process of greater interdependence among countries and their citizens. It consists of the increased interaction of product and reso... ... middle of paper ... ... http://www.ask.com/question/difference-between-globalism-and-globalization [03 April 2014] 3) Hofstra University (n.d.) What is Marketing? [online] available from < https://www.hofstra.edu/Academics/Colleges/Zarb/MKIB/mkib_about.html> [03 April 2014] 4) Answer Corporation (2014) What is International Business [online] available from < http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_international_business#slide=6> [03 April 2014] 5) Carl Dahlman (2006) Technology, globalization, and international competitiveness: Challenges for developing countries [online] available from < http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/publications/industrial_development/1_2.pdf> [03 April 2014] 6) Emerald Group Publishing Limited (n.d.) Management Decision [online] available from < http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0025-1747&volume=24&issue=4&articleid=1669945&show=html> [04 April 2014]
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