Interactionism And The Sociological Perspective Of The World

explanatory Essay
956 words
956 words

Viewing the World “Sociologically” When people view their world and society, they use their own individual worldview, which significantly impacts whether they have a negative or positive outlook on the world around them. In sociology, this worldview becomes evident as the person applies one of the three sociological perspectives in examining society. These three sociological perspectives (structural functionalism, the conflict theory, and symbolic interactionalism) are distinct from each other and seek to describe society as it truly exists by means of interactions and structure. In the structural functionalism perspective, one sees the world as a machine, made of intricate and unique parts all functioning for the benefit of the whole. Kimberly …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains how sociological perspectives (structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionalism) are distinct from each other and seek to describe society as it exists through interactions and structure.
  • Explains structural functionalism as a framework for building theory that sees society as complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
  • Explains the conflict theory, popularized by karl marx in the mid-19th century, which focuses on the oppression of the individual by dominating forces.
  • Explains the symbolic interactionalism theory, which examines society as a complex collection of relationships and beliefs among people.
  • Explains that symbolic interaction theory analyzes society by addressing the subjective meanings that people impose on objects, events, and behaviors.
  • Explains that roles are set of expected behaviors in a social situation, and if disrupted, they can cause social tension. this perspective places an immense amount of value on the self.
  • Explains that they hold the structural functionalism perspective. they believe that each person in society has a certain task to keep society functioning.
  • Concludes that the structural functionalism perspective provides the best and most accurate representation of society's structure. conflict does not create progress and unity, but rather chaos and separation.

This theory examines society as a complex collection of relationships and beliefs among people (Claerbaut, 2004). These relationships among people consist of the core of society. According to this perspective, society could not function without them. In regards to how people interact in their relationships, states, “The basic notion of symbolic interactionism is that human action and interaction are understandable only through the exchange of meaningful communication or symbols. In this approach, humans are portrayed as acting, as opposed to being acted upon.” Ashley Crossman further describes the symbolic interactionalism perspective by …show more content…

I believe each person in society has a certain task he must fulfill in order to keep society functioning. In my family, each person has a specific task that he must complete in order to keep our family running smoothly. My mother homeschools my four younger siblings, and my father works outside the house and provides for the family financially. Each of the children also has an assigned role he is responsible for. This system of roles and tasks is also evident outside our household. For example, in a company, a variety of people must fill specific positions in order to keep the company stable. One must fill the position of president or CEO and make the majority of decisions in the company (Hanly, n.d.). In addition to the president or CEO, a manager must preside over a group and communicate and assign certain positions to other employees (Hanly, n.d.). Furthermore, a group leader surveys work production and efficiency (Hanly, n.d.). Lastly, the general employees perform the majority of labor. Without people performing their specific roles in the company, the company will fail to be efficient and

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