Interaction between Epistemology, Methodology, and Methods in Qualitative Research

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Nursing research has been a part of the nursing profession for many years, consisting of both qualitative and quantitative research. It is essential in guiding nursing practice. Many nurses have a baseline understanding of research in general, but when conducting research it is important also to understand personal values and beliefs to guide the type of research to conduct. Understanding the differences between epistemology, methodology, and methods, will assist in this choice to conduct a valid research project. Overview of Qualitative Research Research is an essential tool in nursing practice; it is an important link in providing excellent nursing care since the days of Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale participated in nursing research by comparing patient outcomes when receiving care provided by trained nurses as opposed to untrained nurses (Brady & Lewin, 2007). While nursing research occurred as early as the days of Florence; there is a large gap between the start of nursing research and research guiding best practice. Historically, most nursing knowledge came from many sources. Often best practice and other knowledge was either handed down, taken upon medical authority, and/or developed through simple trial and error (Nieswiadomy, 2011). Historically, nursing as a profession was often affiliated with medicine, hence nursing research evolved from medical research, and much of the research was quantitative in nature. Ontology and Epistemology of Qualitative Research The type of research conducted often depends on the epistemology of the researcher. Epistemology is considered the justification of knowledge; it is about the relationship between the researcher, knowledge, and how knowledge is created (Carter... ... middle of paper ... ...ractical research: Planning and design. (10th ed.). Upper Saddle Ridge, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2013).Nursing Research: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice(8th ed.). New York: Elsevier. Mack, N., Woodsong, C., Macqueen, K., Guest, G., & Namey, E. (2005). Qualitative research methods a data collector's field guide. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: Family Health International. Nieswiadomy, R.M. (2011). Foundations of nursing research (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Then, K.L., Rankin, J.A. & Ali, E. (2014). Focus group research: What is it and how can it be used? Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 24(1), 16–22. Yagasaki, K., &Komatsu, H. (2011). Preconditions for successful guideline implementation: perceptions of oncology nurses. BMC Nursing, 10(23), 1-10. doi:10.1186/1472-6955-10-23.
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