Intelligence Of The Cold War

1058 Words5 Pages
The Cold War was one of the most challenging and important times for intelligence in modern history. Because of the destructive nature of the possible conflict between superpowers, all four elements of Shulsky and Schmidt’s elements of intelligence were necessary for positive diplomatic choices that would avoid conflict. During the March Crisis, both sides needed to determine the possibility and probability of military action from the other side. While collection, covert action and counterintelligence were extremely important during this period of crisis, analysis was the most important of these elements for intelligence officers during the March Crisis. This is because the goal of the officers at this time was to determine wether or not military action was imminent. In order to determine this, collection of intelligence was necessary. However, correct and consistent analysis of this intelligence was necessary to determine the level and probability of military action form the opposing side. An understanding of both the military and diplomatic situation of the Soviet Union was necessary for an accurate prediction of the actions of the Soviets during the March Crisis. Therefore, proper analysis of the intelligence gathered during this time was the most important element of intelligence for the Americans in the March Crisis. The Directory of Centrial Intelligence Roscoe Hillenkoetter demanded an answer to three questions. First, he wanted to know if the Soviets will deliberately provoke war in the next 30 days. He also wanted to know if the Soviets will provoke war within 60 days, or in 1948. In order to answer these questions, the American intelligence agencies needed to take advantage of the analysis of both military and diploma... ... middle of paper ... ...telligence was the most important of the four elements of intelligence during the March Crisis and Berlin Blockade. The March Crisis was one of the most tumultuous times in world history. Both superpowers in the Cold War were extremely held in a state of high tension. Intelligence was extremely important during this crisis. While collection, covert action and counterintelligence were all crucial to successful intelligence operations, analysis was the most important of the four elements of intelligence during the March Crisis. From both a military and diplomatic intelligence perspective, analysis was the way in which the superpowers could make proper decisions in response to their other. Therefore, analysis of intelligence is what allowed the western powers to decide the level of aggression of the Soviets during the crisis and, in turn, maintain peace in the region.
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