December 1940, the Army Air Corps planned an experiment for black aviators in an all black fighter squadron. This group would be called the 332nd fighter group and would consist of four fighter squadrons, the 99th, 100th, 301st, 302nd. (4 A). The squadrons that made the most history would be the 99th and the 100th. The 99th was to be made of 33 to 35 pilots and 278 ground crew men, but those accusations came from another source when the real number of men in the 99th would be a total of 12 black cadets and 1 officer trainee. 3 squadrons usually make up a fighter group so the 99th was nicknamed the “lonely Eagles”. They would be flying PT-17s, then BT-13s, and later AT-6s, that would have better landing flaps, retractable landing gear, and 650-horse power engines (Mckissack). They would be the first fighter squadron of the 332nd to go into combat over North Africa. Being part of the 12th Air force, they would fly tactical missions over the Mediterranean theater (Haulman). Going over in ships, April 15, 1943, they would arrive in Morocco, May 1943, only to be told that the battle between the Germans and North Africans was basically over. They then tested out P-40L War Hawks, and Curtis’s, that were built to reach up to 350 mph, climb over 22,000 ft., and ferry over 1,000 miles. The planes would be put through flight drills and mock dog fights. The 27th, part of another group, trained with the men in Africa. The war was always back and forth so the...
In the first article “The lonely Eagles” by Robert A. Rose, D.D.S. gave me a great insight to who these men really were. The U.S. Air Force Association honored all the Tuskegee Airmen of WWII at the 2008 Air and Space Conference. They gave out lifetime achievement awards to all who were there. Retired Airmen such as Colonel Charles McGhee, Lt. Colonel Walter McCreary and Colonel Elmer Jones were there to share the spotlight they deserved. They left a lasting legacy to aviators and support personnel. In his book "Lonely Eagles", Dr. Robert A. Rose tells there story of America’s black pilots in World War II. The book is a story of true patriotism, remarkable combat skills. The U.S. Air Force Association express their gratitude and the nation thanks to these heroes for their accomplished and duty's more than 60 ago.
The Tuskegee Airmen succeeded by proving success has nothing to do with color and playing a major role ending racial discrimination in the army and in the U.S. These black pilots were the first black flying unit in the U.S military. This unit was organized when Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to established an all black unit. Their first training base was located in Central Alabama near a place so called Tuskegee (Gropman). Tuskegee was located in Macon County. Not all blacks appeared to become pilots after training , but several had to become engineers, navigators, and many other varieties of occupations. In order to be a pilot, you had to be a college graduate and a possible officer in the Air Force. Many blacks from all over the U.S came to this training site to serve their country. There were multiple training phases that the men had to achieve also to be a pilot. Many men didn’t make it through all phases. After a while, they made a much larger airfield between Tallassee and Elmore County known as the new Tuskegee Army Air Field. The commander of this new airfield was a white ...
...ust be said; when gun control activists say that if there were no guns there would be no gun crime, they are wrong. This is the entire though behind their crusade and is why so many political problems have arose. It would be impossible to accomplish such an act and so they are left with nothing more than a theory. Finally, our United States with their varying governments and constitutions already provide the populace with the mechanism with which to study gun control. This mechanism is the fact that some states chose to restrict and regulate gun sales and possession to a much higher degree than others. The result of the analysis of these two types of state was the states with the strictest gun laws have more murders than the states with the most relaxed laws. These two points come together to illustrate how gun control is, in reality, completely impractical.
“Protecting your intellectual property is crucial to your business.” (Hinson, 2014) When business have intellectual property that is going to be popular or helpful in advancing there business, they have to take measures to ensure that the ideas or prototypes are protected from other that may steal the intellectual property. In the United States, many laws or safeguard steps have to be followed in order to preserve the intellectual property. A business owner has the right to protect the intellectual property, because the failure to do so could result in demise of the business itself.
In week 10 of spring semester we discussed chapter 11’s Intellectual Property Law. “Property establishes a relationship of legal exclusion between an owner and other people regarding limited resources.” In this chapter, we learn that the Constitution allows Congress “to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors to the exclusive Right to their respective writings and discoveries.”
During the years leading up to World War I, no black man had ever served as a pilot for the United States Army, ever since the beginning of the United States Army Air Service in 1907. The Tuskegee Airmen changed this and played a huge part in the fight for African-American rights for years to come.
Reed, R., Storrud-Barnes, S., & Jessup, L. (2012). How open innovation affects the drivers of competitive advantage: Trading the benefits of IP creation and ownership for free invention. Management Decision, 50(1), 58-73.
The patent system grants an exclusive right of manufacturing, selling, and profiting from a specific invention. It is designed with the purpose of providing advance research and development and to encourage broader economic activity; however, complete disclosure is required in exchange for the twenty year protection to become monopoly.
...ividuals and systems should be developed to encourage innovation in a flexible way with few legal restrictions. Government and investors should work towards improving the infrastructure of the nation by providing facilities and platforms making it simple for any individual to innovate.
Legal Protection of new inventions encourages the assurance of additional resources for further innovations. With Intellectual Property System, both public interest and innovators interest go hand in hand, hence providing an environment which inspires inventions and creativity benefitting everyone in the society.
Humans have marked their bodies for thousands of years. This has been a well-known tradition everywhere around the world. Many people have taken a part in making tattooing their hobby. It can represent personal meaning and one’s religion. A common opinion is that having tattoos is a sign of being rebellious. Although many people think that tattoos shouldn’t be allowed in the workplace, they should because they show sentimental value, express feelings, and allow people to show their exterior creativity.
Intellectual property (IP) is defined as property that is developed through an intellectual and creative processes. Intellectual property falls under the category of property known as intangible rights, which includes patents (inventions of processes, machines, manufactures, and compositions of matter), copyrights (original artistic and literary works of), trademarks (commercial symbols), and trade secrets ((product formulas, patterns, designs). Intellectual property rights has a significant value to both individuals and businesses, providing in the case of large companies, over one half of their value on return. Since intellectual property rights are so important to the U.S. economy and its citizens, federal and state law provides protection, for example, civil damages and criminal penalties to be assessed against infringers. Due to the importance of intellectual property to a business, I don’t think that its protection and enforcement is going to be a thing of the past.