Intellectual Disability Essay

1758 Words8 Pages
Introduction There is an unfortunate significant discrepancy between the number of persons with developmental disabilities and the work force in the United States. Persons with developmental disabilities are those that have difficulties in certain areas of life. These areas include language, mobility, learning, self-help, and independent living. . Intellectual disabilities can range from highly functioning, moderately functioning and low functioning. Those with high or moderately functioning disabilities have the capability to become assets to the communities around them however; many with intellectual disabilities are not given the adequate resources or equal opportunities. This research paper will examine the injustice the U.S. education…show more content…
There are various disorders that fall under the intellectual disability umbrella. These disorders include but are not limited to; down syndrome, cerebral palsy, fetal alcohol syndrome, spina bifida, individuals with brain injuries and those who are on the autism spectrum Unbeknown to many people, Stephen Hopkins who was the governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence suffered from cerebral palsy. It wasn’t until 1973 were mentally ill and the intellectually disabled unchained from walls in mental institutions. The modern day movement for the intellectually disabled wouldn’t begin until the 1950’s when parents of mentally challenged youth came together to create ARC (Association for Retarded Citizens). The ARC was developed with the intentions to provide services and support for the mentally disabled so that they would be able to grow and live in communities throughout the nation. When the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was developed to prevent discrimination against people regardless of race or gender did not protect those who were discriminated against for having certain disabilities. It was not until 1990 when the ADA (The Americans with Disabilities Act) was signed by…show more content…
education system. The U.S. education system is one that prides itself on the preparation of pupils. Ensuring that they are knowledgeable and prepared for participation in America’s democratic society. While this may be true for most students, this is unfortunately not the case for many living with intellectual disabilities. A sound instruction is the linchpin to a fruitful life for all Americans, incorporating those with developmental and intellectual disabilities. The federal, state, and local governments each assume a part in guaranteeing that each tyke with an inability acquires a free proper state funded training. In spite of the presence of extensive government enactment expected to guarantee that all intellectually disabled students free, proper state funded training, proceeding with challenges for understudies with scholarly and formative
Open Document