The History of the Computer "This reminds me of a revelation I had a few years ago, after getting my first CD-ROM drive. I'd manage to misplace a CD containing a multimedia encyclopedia and eventually found it sitting on the floor under my desk. I realised then that never before in human history had it been possible to lose an entire 28 volume encyclopedia by dropping it behind a piece of furniture. Now that's what I call progress!" (Computer Quotes) The information age is marked by the widespread use of the personal computer.
It was created in 1982 which was also the year that Microsoft's revolutionary operating system, MS DOS 1.0, was released. This new processor could run at speeds of 6 - 8 Mhz, which was revolutionary in the world of microprocessors. Not only was the speed revolutionary, but it also had the capability of multitasking, meaning that it could calculate data for several applications at once. Before the 286, multitasking was possible only in the most advanced processors at very slow speeds. By the late 80's, Intel's technology had increased significantly and they produced the i386 class microprocessor.
Microsoft became one of the most famous and successful companies in the world. “Microsoft was one of the pioneers responsible for bringing the personal computer into the lives of millions of people.” (Musolf). The company has had such a great impact that now the name “Microsoft” is now virtually synonymous with computer software. “The idea that would spawn microsoft generated when Paul Allen showed Bill Gates the January 1,1975 issue of popular electronics that demonstrated Altair 8800.” (Nytime.com). Gates and Allen were curious and saw potential to make it better than what it already was.This soon led to make the microcomputer and he would call it the Micro Instrument and Telemetry system (MITS).
The first product that they had made was the “HP 200A Audio Oscillator” (reference 1), which became popular test equipment for engineers during that time. To get even more specific Dr. John V. Atanasoff and his assistant Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer. During the 1990’s there were the most technological advancements made to computer... ... middle of paper ... ...oint media rules everything in the world of computers. All these events played a big role into the transformation of the personal computer. Introduction of the Mac A little history about the apple MacBook pro was announced in January 2006, the MacBook Pro was the first portable Mac to use Intel Processors.
The price about the same, but the computer has changed tremendously. In 1979 Apple II+ is introduced, available with 48K of memory and a new auto-start ROM for easier startup and screen editing for $1,195. Apple II Pascal is also released. In 1980 Apple FORTRAN introduced and proves to be a catalyst for high-level technical and educational applications. Apple III announced at the National Computer Conference.
In 1981 IBM released a brand new model of PC, which became very popular and set new standards in personal computing. Flow of time and never ending modifications, took its tool on the Apple project and caused rise in production costs.
ICs allowed the placement of as many as 664 transistors, diodes and other associated components on silicon chip less than one eighth of an inch square. We are now in the midst of the fourth-generation of computers. Characterized by continued miniaturization of circuitry, such developments as large-scale integration (LSI) and very large-scale integration (VLSI) have enabled the current crop of machines to have a level of power and speed that was almost unimaginable 20 years ago. Now on to the history of the microcomputer. The first commercially available personal computer was the Scelbi-8H that went on sale in March 1974.
Today, the Jacquard loom is considered... ... middle of paper ... ...y released the world’s first successful, mass-produced microcomputer, the PDP-8. At a cost of $18,000, it cost a fifth of a small IBM 360 mainframe. Another revolutionary breakthrough came in 1971, when Intel released the world’s first microprocessor: the Intel 4004. The number 4,004 represented the number of transistors the chip replaced. This silicon chip was widely used in calculators.
Apple also offered one of the first ever laptop computers for sale in 1989, the Macintosh Portable. This laptop set the standard for the basic design principals of laptops we use today. After years of success and growing a customer base, Apple offered its IPO at twenty-two dollars per share, it is currently worth $561 at the time of writing. The 80’s was also a time for one of the most controversial events to ever occur at Apple, the firing of Steve Jobs. In 1985 the CEO of Apple, John Scully and Steve Jobs, the founder, found themselves in disagreement on many different things, mainly Steve’s tendencies to spend a lot of money on untested products.
MMX technology is Intel's most recent processor enhancement, but what is it? How does it work? What does it mean as far as performance improvements? MMX technology is the first new chip architecture from Intel in ten years. From a technological standpoint, there are significant changes: MMX defines a set of 57 new computer instructions that extend the x86 instruction set of approximately 80; it has 32 KB of on-chip cache, verses the non-MMX on-chip cache of 16 KB, which enhances performance of even non-MMX applications, and it makes use of Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) for more efficient data processing.