Type 1 is usually caused by one not having enough insulin. Type 2 can be caused by genes, obesity, and insulin resistance. This form is the most common. Gestational diabetes is caused by the change of hormones during a pregnancy and possibly genes. Although this type of diabetes disappears after a woman’s pregnancy, she is at risk to have type 2 diabetes later in life.
Glucose flows through the bloodstream and into the cells. The cells carries these glucose throughout our body for energy. In a normal person, their pancreas secretes the right amount of insulin in order for their body to break down food and store energy into the cells. In a diabetic person, insulin is not produced, insulin production is inadequate, or the cells resist to the insulin. Improper production and resistance to insulin will lead to the cause of Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or Gestational diabetes.
This makes the body more sensitive to the insulin that already exists. The medications, rosiglitazone(Avandia) and pioglitazone(Actos), help to reduce or eliminate the need for insulin injections in some people. Some type 2 diabetics may need to take insulin if the blood glucose levels stay above goals set by the doctor. The amount of insulin needed depends on age, weight, exercise level, and how difficult the blood sugar is to control. In conclusion, diabetes can develop gradually over many years, often without symptoms.
In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is not able to produce sufficient amount of insulin as required for the body. The pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes suggests that it’s an autoimmune disease, in which the body’s own immune system generates secretions of substances that attack the beta cells of the pancreas leading to low or no insulin secretion. This is more common in children and young adults before the age of thirty. Type 1 is also referred as Insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus or Juvenile Diabetes, exogenous insulin is needed for its treatment. In type 2 diabetes mellitus we find insulin resistance with varying degrees of insulin secretory defects and is more comm... ... middle of paper ... ... advice to wear comfortable shoes, preferable leather, and not to walk barefoot.
In a patient with Type II diabetes, insulin may be produced and able to attach to receptor cells but glucose is unable to move into the cell to be used. As the disease progresses, the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient insulin to overcome the resistance. This causes the beta cells to become damaged which results in permanent hyperglycemia (Diabetes- Type 2). Type II diabetes can develop from a variety of sources which may or may not act in conjunction with each other; some of these are: poor diet, family history, low activity levels, ethnicity. Symptoms for Type II diabetes often develop slowly ... ... middle of paper ... ...r Disease Risk in the Offspring of Diabetic Women: The Impact of the Intrauterine Environment.
In people without diabetes, the pancreas makes a chemical called insulin which is released into the blood stream. Insulin helps the glucose from the food get into cells. When the pancreas doesn’t make insulin, it can’t get into the cells and the insulin stays in the blood stream. The blood glucose level gets very high, causing the person to have type one diabetes. There are many symptoms of type one diabetes.
In Type II diabetes, three types of problems can occur such as high blood glucose, low blood glucose, and complicati... ... middle of paper ... ...with diabetes have blood sugar problems, meal planning for sugar control, and excising is just one method of treatment for diabetes. But sometimes, these treatments are not enough to help out with the problems. The next step is to take medicine. These methods are: oral medicine such as pills or insulin shots. However, people with type 1 diabetes don’t produce any insulin for the glucose to pass into a cell, therefore they can’t take any oral medication and insulin shots are their only way to keep blood sugar levels down.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetic and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. Major Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that “unlocks” the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes is where your body and pancreas doesn’t properly make or use the insulin. In the beginning your pancreas makes a big amount of insulin, then cant keep up the to the amount of insulin being made, and eventually cant make enough to where your glucose levels are at a proper amount. Type 1 diabetes in inherited from your own ancestry and is unpreventable. Type 2 diabetes is caused by eating unhealthy, and becoming obese. Type 2 diabetes is very preventable by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
The pancreas is an important factor to the digestive system because of its control of the blood sugar levels. The pancreas produces different hormones that help maintain blood sugar’s balance but the biggest one is insulin along with glucagon. Glucagon and insulin work together. Glucagon is the hormone that raises the blood glucose or sugar levels in your body, whereas insulin regulates blood glucose and lowers blood glucose or sugar levels. Insulin helps the body use glucose but it also help the body store sugar for energy.