For this reason, being moral in... ... middle of paper ... ... a means to their ends. As a result of this kind of action, war between states is inevitable. It is because when one state can act in that way toward others then, other states also act in similar way. For this reason, their interests can be probably conflicted and chaos in world politics can arise. However, if states take into account the principles of categorical imperative, there will be probably no conflict or chaos in the world politics.
However, idealist would say it is in our best interest to be involved, to help others in need and to keep the world secure. Krauthammer’s view In “Unipolar Moment” seems to come from a realist point of view, he states we are in abnormal times, with conflicts with Iraq and other states trying to obtain nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, it is the greatest threat to the world security today. Also, the enemy could be anyone, Iraq today, North Korea or Libya tomorrow. Further, Krauthammer states with an unstable period ahead of us, the best hope for peace is the American strength and will, making the rules for the world and enforcing them when broken. The U.S. is by far the only major power leading in toward the 21st century, rather we want that burden is another question.
In international politics today, soft power is favoured over hard power and hence, I would even argue that international law is a necessary tool in foreign policy. To better facilitate the discourse, I would like to establish certain perimeters. In this paper, soft power is defined as “the ability to get what you want by attracting and persuading others to adopt your goals” (Nye, 2003) while hard power is defined as “the ability to use the carrots and sticks of economic and military might to make others follow your will” (Nye, 2003). Hence, soft power concentrates on building positive relations with other states, whereas hard power can be said to be more antagonistic and hardhanded, which is counter to what international law stands for. In this sense, international law supports the expansion of soft power more than that of hard power.
It is important that the United States build a strong economy so that we my adequately fund all of the ... ... middle of paper ... ... risks for potential threats against ourselves. By minimizing the threats worldwide, not only do we make it easier for the United States to promote the policies that we want, but we also create many new allies. These new allies help to make up the coalition that was the aim of our defense policy. Also, these allies will be grateful for the help that we have given them and will recognize us as a true Superpower. The U.S. will be the superpower that has influenced the resolutions of conflicts that occurred in the world and they will also have the money to back up their actions.
Although the realist model may be most appropriate for analyzing actions when vital interests are at stake such as in times of crises, it seems to have little explanatory power for national security policy making in times without crisis. Although the aspirations and goals of states are often partially motivated by external pressures, it is important to recognize that internal forces also play equally crucial roles in the pursuit and execution of these objectives. The decisions of foreign policymakers must take into account domestic political considerations. This fact is especially evident in the political landscape of the United States, where the separation of powers between the executive and legislative branch allows Congress to act as a counterweight to the power of the president. All states, whether their governments are democratic or authoritarian, must contend with domestic political considerations when evaluating foreign policy decision.
To sum up, the development aid can be understood as foreign policy tool, because it can be used differently- as peace-loving element, or as manipulating and influential element, it depends on situation and how strongly powerful state wants to gain its goal and how strongly the weak state resists. The development aid can be used to strengthen the partnership between former colonizer and former colony, because they can strengthen the former colonizer positions in the former colony, leaving good impression on government and society. If powerful country or even weaker country uses development aid wisely it can receive good achievements and foreign policy can be developed advisedly thanks to development aid as one of the main foreign policy’s tools.
As previously mentioned, realism ignores many of the important issues within the field of international relations. These issues include sub-state actors, alternate goals of states, the importance of change in the global arena to improve the quality of the world, and the collective good. It is because of the complexities of the international stage that we must not assume that one view of world politics is correct and the others are wrong. We must take into consideration each school of thought in order to understand how the world works.
Therefore, diplomacy negotiation is the best solution offered by constructivist in order to resolve the conflict peacefully. However, this solution has a limitation which is different powerful makes the mutual identity and goals difficult to achieve. Nevertheless, the question is, when the Syria Civil War will end? It only can be answer by the actors who involved in the disputed because every decision that they make, will create changes.
Every problem that an analyst of international politics attempts to fix is done in a way that has the least kickbacks to particular institutions. Many would agree that a solution doesn’t have to be solved perfectly, because one such word can be interpreted many ways. Realists would argue that when solving a problem, the government would focus on what they can gain from the problem. Liberals would argue that countries are capable putting aside their quest for power and focusing on gaining mutual interests. When leaders gather to solve sophisticated problems, ironing out a solution requires much compromise.
Creativity emerges only from an organizational and political environment that eschews rigid strategy and tolerates failure. Successful organizations adapt fluidly to changing circumstances, create cultures that permit experimentation, and learn from their errors” (Edelstein, Krebs). This quote by Edelstein and Krebs describes what we wish to accomplish with the full implementation of our strategy. To reiterate, it will require some work, but if we follow the model outlined in this foreign policy strategy, we can be on the road to establishing an efficient and pragmatic way of approaching today’s pressing issues. It will enable us to commit to the notion that we should not want to harm with our foreign policy, yet at the same time, should not be a bystander to international harm.