On the other hand, the orchestra uses mainly string instruments. String instruments include cello, violin, viola, or bass. These instruments are plucked or bowed to create sound. Similarly, the wind instruments and string instruments are played by fingering the keys. Each unique finger position on a particular instrument plays a certain pitch or note when blown into or bowed.
The leading first violinist serves as concertmaster of the orchestra. the concertmaster directs the other musicians in tuning their instruments and may also be the orchestra’s assistant conductor. The woodwind section consists chiefly of flutes, oboes, clarinets, and bassoons. An orchestra has from 2 to 4 of each of these instruments. The musicians in this section also play various other woodwind instruments when a score requires them to do so.
HISTORY AND ORIGINATORS OF KEYBOARD BAROQUE PERIOD Harpsichord (Italian cembalo; French clavecin), stringed keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked to produce sound. It was developed in Europe in the 14th or 15th century and was widely used from the 16th to the early 19th century, when it was superseded by the piano. In the 20th century the harpsichord was revived for performance of music of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, as well as for new compositions. The incisive sound quality of the plucked metal strings adds clarity to melodic lines. The harpsichord is particularly effective in performing contrapuntal music—that is, music that consists of two or more melodies played at the same time, such as that of the German composer Johann Sebastian Bach.
You have to hold the bow in your right hand, and draw it across the strings. Pitches can be change in two ways: by drawing the bow across different strings, and by pressing on the strings with the fingers of his left hand. The viola plays a beautiful “middle” part in the orchestra’s harmony. The violas can be hard to pick out when the whole orchestra is playing, but you would really miss the violas if they weren’t there! In the other hand the violin has stayed pretty much the same ever since the 1500s.
First used by all strings in the opening measures of the movement, this progression is continually being played by the low strings (Cellos and Basses). Sibelius writes this movement in A-B-A form so of course each section of this movement has certain characteristics. The first section of the movement (A) opens with the strings playing an expressive style known as Coll`e while stating I, IV, V, I. The oboe plays the melodic material throughout this section, with the flute playing a legato accompaniment line. Also characteristic of section A is the use of 4's to carry the melodic line (horns, oboe, flute, and clarinet).
In Portugese folk music, there are a wide variety of instruments. Some of the most common include bagpipes, harmonicas, accordions, flutes, drums (adufes, bombos, caixas, pandeiros, sarroncas), and numerous percussion instruments (ferrinhos, genebres, reco-reco, trancanholas). However, Portugal is most well-known for its string instruments: violins, twelve-stringed "Portuguese guitar", and six variations of "viola-guitars" unkown to other European countries. Design, character, and tuning are unique to each one of the viola-guitars. The most well known is the small, four-stringed cavaquinho.
Kanishk Chaurasia Mr. R. Kinnett Music 1306 S75 04 December 2014 INDIVIDUAL CONCERT REPORT I went to the Dallas Chamber Symphony concert. I got to experience three lovely composers Ralph Vaughan-Williams, Charles Ives and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The instruments consisted in the Ralph V Williams’ The Lark Ascending were mainly solo violin, flute like instrument and piano for providing the background to the solo violin. The Charles Ives’ Symphony No. 3 “The Camp Meeting” included instruments such as mainly the violin, flute, strings, trombone and bells, whereas, the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto No.
The early guitar was identical to the vihuela played in Spain in place of the lute. The guitar is a major building block in music. The guitar consists of four to eighteen strings. The sound of a guitar is projected through electrical or acoustic amplification. It is played by plucking or strumming the strings using the right hand while fretting the strings with the left hand.
Moreover, every compositions have different numbers of movements in their music, and composers are the one, who chooses how many movements they want their work to be. Moreover, movements are very important because they allow composers to tell their story to the audience. For instance, Bach’s Sonata for violin & keyboard No. 1 in B minor, BWV 1014, Grieg’s Sonata for violin and piano No. 2 in G Major Op.
A sound is produced through the use of the double reed. Two reeds are bond together with a small opening between them, and are attached as a mouthpiece at the end of the tube. The player takes the reeds between their lips, and vibrates them with breath lip pressure. A complicated metal mechanism stops and opens the holes in the modern open, with the fingering like a flute. Trills, Tremolos, and staccato notes are all possible for an oboe player.