Formative assessment provides continual feedback for learning and making changes to your teaching plans to assure students’ success. For the most part formative assessment tasks are not always written or scored, these functions are only used to gain information on the pupils’ ability to master the skills required. Summative assessment is evaluating and documenting learning. Teachers use summative tasks to assess and document what students have learned. This term is used to record students’ achievements and ability to meet the standards at the end of a unit or course in the form of a cumulative written or performance test.
The behaviorist theory has many ideas that I will use in my class, because I believe that children with disabilities do better when the material is modeled, when they are prompted from least to greatest, and when they are reinforced. It is also crucial to understand the thinking behind their behaviors and the meaningful use, which is where the cognitive theory comes in. It is important that reading is developed through meaningful use (Alexander & Fox, 2008). If I cannot meaningfully apply the process of reading to my students’ lives then most likely they will not be motivated to participate in my teaching. It will be harder for them to learn how to read if they are not motivated and cannot meaningfully relate to it.
Wikipedia contributors. "Ankh." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2013. Web.
Summary of Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities in Reading: Vocabulary Development Vocabulary is an important building tool of a child’s reading skills. Students have to understand what the words mean in order to comprehend the story as it is presented to them in the classroom. Unfortunately, that skill is rather ignored in middle school and is expected to be taught in elementary school. When those students do not grasp the concept in elementary and are pushed through to the middle school without the skill, they fall behind their classmates. With the reading skills for vocabulary lacking, these children are usually labeled with ‘learning disabilities’.
In Elementary School, there are many children that tend not to pay attention when teachers are giving the reading lessons so teachers argue with them without figuring out the precise reasons for that behavior. As teachers, we need to develop the abilities to catch up when children have any kind of learning problems, in this case a reading disability. If the reading disability is not detected at an early time, many children would probably be affected for the rest of their lives as adults. The reading process has the power that benefits millions of children around the world to increase awareness of the things that happen in our world and prepare them with a great foundation for academic excellence. The reading process is valuable for our knowledge base.
Comprehension can be difficult for students with learning disabilities because they tend to be the students that are reading below grade level. One strategy is to incorporate the student’s background knowledge into a lesson. This may require a bit of work, but it will help the students relate with the information being pres... ... middle of paper ... ...udents to misbehave and disrupt a classroom the educational value of the class is compromised. Posting the expectations and rules within the classroom can also aid as a visual reminder about the appropriate behaviors that are expected of the students. When teaching students with disabilities it is important to know and understand the needs of all the students in the classroom.
Therefore, students have to develop the skills needed to interpret the different meanings words have. It was common to see students who only have one interpretation of words. This is why there has been a greater focus by teachers to develop comprehension. From doing this researching assignment I have developed an understanding into how to effectively teach reading in a Primary school. Even though my question were done completely answer, I realised that they were opened ended questions that with all ways change over time.
English Language Learners (ELL) require appropriate education in the English language. Reading, writing, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar are important for an ELL student to learn. Educators should use individualized lesson plans that will cater to each student’s abilities and knowledge of the secondary language. An ELL classroom is formed with students who do not have the capability to speak or read English fluently. These students are unable to participate in a mainstream classroom without some type of help.
Comprehension is one of the most important components when it comes to reading no matter what age. As much as it is important for children to understand the words they are reading they should also be able to understand what they are reading. Reading comprehension is something many students have trouble with throughout their school years, and this can possibly lead them to discouragement and disliking reading all together. Reading is used for every subject and a skill and asset we will need for the rest of our lives so it is important that children enjoy and want to read. A question concerning comprehension is do the students know what comprehension is, this is something that should be explained to the students clearly so they understand what it is expected of them.