Institutional Reform in the European Union

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Introduction Making institutional reform in the EU will always be controversial. The purpose of this paper is to discuss my view on which institutional reform I find being essential to improve the function of the European Union. The first institutional reform I would like to start with is to strengthen the European Parliament. The Parliament is the only institution where people within each member state directly elect members, which makes it the most democratic institution within the EU. Supranational fiscal union is another reform I consider to be important for the European Union. The role of the fiscal union would be to avoid further crisis and building up a stronger framework around the financial system in the European Union. My third suggestion considers the European Commission, more specifically the Commission President. My concern for the Commission Presidency is the lack of gender equality. Since 1958 when Walter Hallstein became the first President of the Commission there hasn’t been any female President of the Commission. Institutional reform Extending the power of the European Parliament The European Parliament is the only EU institution where the members are democratically elected, which makes it the most democratic institution of the European Union. However it seems like the citizens of EU countries don’t have the same interests in European elections like they have for their national election. Where turnout has fallen from 63% in 1979 to 43% in 2009 and is lower than in national elections. To my opinion it might lead to increased interest in European elections is by extending the power of the European Parliament. If people can actually see some improvements or actions made by their members, w... ... middle of paper ... ...302. Bache, Bulmer and George, Politics in the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University press, 2011), 296 – 299. EUobserver. Webpage: http://euobserver.com/media/src/3f1d57b5e556a953646816f85eec29ab.pdf (attended. 25.11.2013.) European Policy Centre. Webpage: http://www.epc.eu/documents/uploads/pub_3544_pathways_to_achieve_a_genuine_fiscal_union.pdf (attended. 25.11.2013.) Bache, Bulmer and George, Politics in the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University press, 2011), 255-256. European Commission. Webpage: http://ec.europa.eu/archives/commission_2004-2009/president/personal/role/index_en.htm (attended 25.11.2013.) Bache, Bulmer and George, Politics in the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University press, 2011), 261. European Institute for Gender Ewuality. Webpage: http://eige.europa.eu/content/brief-eige-history (attended 25.11.2013.)

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