First language acquisition is a product of active, repetitive, and complex learning and it is essential that adult caregivers be active participants in the learning process. Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. Although there are many differences in parent-child interaction patterns around the world, virtually all normally developing children become language users at the same rate. The way children learn language follows a specific pattern. Even though young children are not formally taught language, language acquisition is part of the overall development of children physically, socially, and cognitively.
First, teachers are rarely prepared to handle the challenges of assessing students who have a learning disability coupled with limited English proficiency (Haung, Milczarski, Raby, 2011). Teachers usually have trouble distinguishing between a learning disorders and acquiring a second language. Eve... ... middle of paper ... ..., K., Milczarski, E., & Raby, C. (2011). The Assessment of English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities: Issues, Concerns, and Implications. Education, 131(4), 732-739.
Dyslexia is a congenital disorder characterized by unexpected difficulty learning to decode and spell words in relation to one’s verbal intelligence, motivation, and educational opportunities (Gray E. S, 2008). People have many misconceptions regarding dyslexia which includes visual impairment, low IQ, dyslexia is curable, and this learning disability affects males more often than females. Indicators of dyslexia change over time since it is a process of developmental. It is difficult to identify children with dyslexia; however it becomes more prominent as they progress in school. Experts agree that dyslexia is a learning disability that affects language processing and that it does not occur because of low intelligence, lack of motivation, poor instruction, vision, or hearing problems, cultural disadvantages, or other extrinsic.
Although this amount is growing yearly, it is inadequate to provide the much needed instruction for this special subset of children. Bilingual education is a must if children are to succeed in the academic environment and in becoming productive adults. Numerous researchers have reported a correlation between a student’s world experience and their level of reading comprehension. Often times stories and reading material are written from a largely white perspective and this results in less overall comprehension and poor reading scores especially for the Limited English Proficient student. Bilingual programs allow such children the opportunity to become acquainted with the concepts first in their own language and then in the predominant language of this country, English.
A lot of schools feel that all children should be exactly at the same level in each class and this is not true. Sometimes they will think that the children in this classification of slow learners are not capable of achieving at their chronological grade level. Sometimes, from the first grade on to other higher grades, a child just hasn't mastered the basic skills of learning. These children can get frustrated and even convince themselves that they cannot learn. In this instance teachers need to work with these students to teach the basic skills necessary for learning at the rate of normal student for his age.
QUALITIES OF SUCCESSFUL LANGUAGE LEARNERS Qualities of a successful language learner’s Age: Age variation in English learning and learning differences between children and adults are significant factors that must be taken into account in choosing the right approaches, design and procedures. In the survey it has been found that those respondents who had some exposure to English language in their childhood managed to acquire good communication skills. Infants are born as universal receivers of all language sounds, but this ability slowly disappears, as they grow old. So early childhood experiences aid the learners in acquiring good English successfully in later life. Immersion: Immersion is a method of learning new language by the exclusive use of the target language.
One might consider someone who grew up hearing a foreign language but rarely used it verbally, so while they can understand it extremely well they might lack the ability to actually speak fluently. There can be many aspects to take into deliberation to be considered fluent in a language. One does not need to be 100% capable in every characteristic of a language to be fluent on some level. Adults find it much more difficult than children to learn a new language and there can be many reasons for this. Children normally do not learn a language, they acquire it over time (Vanhove, 2013).
A deficit is an insufficiency or inadequacy; in this context this means that some children have an insufficient understanding of the English language. Most of the children who are labeled as having a language deficit actually have a diverse educational culture which causes their schools to regard them as having a deficit. A lot of the children who are labeled as having a language deficit by the public school system can speak in other contexts. Bedtime stories are a critical part of a child’s educational socialization. The parents in the towns prove this point based on their different methods of reading to and interacting with their children.
It has no direct role, since language is acquired by comprehensible input, and in fact someone who is not able to speak for physical reasons can still acquire the full ability to understand language.” The development of a language is dependent upon the availability of that language and the opportunities a child or an adult have for interacting with skilled users of the language. Meaningful experiences, when learning a second language, is key to language acquisition. Cooperative learning is a strategy frequently used, with reading, writing and speaking activities focused on development of higher order thinking skills as well as basic skills. Educators should hold high standards for ALL students.
Bilingual children are looked down upon many people because they seem to believe that they will mentally develop a lot slower than monolingual children due to the fact that they have to balance out two languages. Bilingual individuals are equally as advanced in their development as monolingual children are, if not, even more cognitively and socially advanced than people think. A bilingual person is someone who is able to speak two languages. People become bilingual by learning a second language at the same