Information Communication Technology: Information Communications Technology

999 Words4 Pages
ICT stands for Information Communications Technology. ICT covers any device or system such as Personal Computers, Laptops, Mobile Phones and Tablets that manipulate, receive, store or send information. Information can be facets of life you learn about someone, or what is sent and received about something through a particular sequence of events. Technology is the system or object that allows for this sharing of information. The ‘C’ in ICT stands for Communications and covers all communication technologies such as digital TV, email, internet, broadband, mobile phones, fax etc. Communication is the transferral of ones’ ideas, opinions, dreams via the medium of speech or written word or even technology. The difference between IT (Information Technology) and ICT (Information Communications Technology) is IT refers to an entire industry that uses…show more content…
Four generations of computers have evolved from the 1950’s. Each generation reflected a change to hardware of decreased size but increased capabilities to control computer operations. The first commercial computer was developed by John Eckert and John W. Mauchly in 1951 and was known as Univac 1. For the next 25 years, mainframe computers were used to do calculations in large corporations. Supercomputers were used in Science and Engineering, for designing aircraft and nuclear reactors, and for predicting worldwide weather patterns. Minicomputers came on the scene in the early 1980’s in small businesses, manufacturing plants and factories. Computers today are divided into four categories by size, cost and processing ability. They are supercomputers, mainframe, minicomputer and microcomputer more commonly known as a Personal Computer. Personal computers can be further divided into desktop, network, laptop and handheld. By the 1970’s with the development of the Internet by the US Department of Defence, the Information Age was
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