Influenza in New York City NEW YORK--The Influenza epidemic arrived in the city last month, and it has remained a constant presence since then. The epidemic, which is now present in most major cities in America, lingers in and around the city, affecting everyone. Dr. Copeland, Health Commissioner Royal, has declared influenza to be a reportable disease. Influenza presents itself in a manner not unlike a cold: runny nose, chills, fever, coughing, sneezing. Influenza is a stronger version of the cold, as it can lead to extreme pain and congestion, and, as we have seen, it can often result in death.
The human population has a high susceptibility to the contraction of new diseases and outbreaks of these diseases are of high risk. Diseases in recent times that have broken out into the human population are the H7N9 flu strain and SARS. Despite the risk, outbreaks like H7N9 and SARS have been controlled due to epidemiology and other disease control methods. Outbreaks of disease are not uncommon to the human population as they move to new areas around the world with foreign diseases that the native residents would have developed a resistance to. The increase of population density over the past century due to an overall increase in population and the desire of many to live in major city centres.
New York's Government's Response to Influenza Outbreak NEW YORK CITY (September 22):--Forty-three new cases of Spanish influenza were reported yesterday throughout the greatly afflicted state of New York. Of these new cases, eighteen were in Brooklyn, three were reported in the Bronx, eighteen in Manhattan, and four were reported in Queens. There appears to be little progress for New Yorkers and East Coast Americans in general, in their attempt to quell the spread of the disease. As such, public fears continue to be heightened by a steady increase in the number of both the infected and the deceased persons who have been subjected to this outbreak of Spanish influenza. In response to this latest outbreak, the United States government has been monitoring the increasingly grave statistics that have been pouring into the national office of the Public Health Department.
Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a chronic disease, which is common in our world today. In the United States, 1 in every 13 adults is either an abuser of alcohol or an alcoholic. This disease includes a craving from the victim in spite of any problems or consequences, which they may have or have had. Consequences of this disease are often very severe; for example, job problems frequently arise. In addition to serious job dilemmas, victims of this disease often get into mischief with the law, as well as undergo critical health problems.
These days, large tobacco companies look at more dollar signs or checks than ruined lives caused by tobacco wrapped into paper along with thousand of chemical substances. Day by day cigarettes become more addictive, dangerous, and a bigger problem in every citizen, which can be easily solved by being annihilated. Therefor, to help everybody breath a little better, the smoking of cigarettes or any tobacco products should be illegal. People often argue about their rights and decisions to smoke, but it is scientifically proven smoking will highly induced damage upon the body and the overall health of the individuals. “Smoking causes about 90 percent of lung cancer deaths and many surgical complications or the risks of many other health problems” (“Why Is Smoking”) Once people become smokers they are entitled to many risks in the future, plus they are also going to be weaker and more vulnerable upon diseases or sicknesses.
Even though war casualties hit many Europeans countries hard, something else is spreading around the globe that is leaving behind a much greater trail of casualties. The influenza of the season is a much stronger strain than the one that usually feels like a common cold, and it shows a strange pattern of morbidity. Usually influenza kills infected people who are elderly or young children. The influenza strain of 1918, however, is making victims of people between 20 and 40 years old. As The New York Times reported early in the year German troops fell sick with influenza.
So how then do we account for the New York City metropolitan area? This is a region in which some of the wealthiest counties, not only in the metro but in the entire country suffer some of the highest rates of fatal heart disease. While the poorer urban counties that comprise New York City do generally have the highest rates of fatal heart disease in the metro, the wealthier and more middle class counties come close and sometimes exceed these rates. According to an article in the New York Times much of the metro area has heart disease rates that meet or exceed those of impoverished rural areas, places traditionally considered to be at the highest risk for heart disease. Some speculate that these high rates are caused by the stress of living in a major metropolitan area, or even high levels of income inequality (Fessenden).
Influenza is very contagious and spreads rapidly from person to person. Influenza causes worldwide yearly epidemics. According to World Health organization Influenza affects 5-15% world’s population and resulting in 500,000 deaths yearly. Ottenberg stated that, in United States, an average of 200,000 were hospitalized and 36,000 died each year from influenza complications. Influenza is the sixth leading cause of death among US adults and is related to 1 in 20 death in persons older than 65 years.
Keeping the innocent from dying. If a new disease stays bound to a country it is there responsibility to destroy it, this method is more efficient. Have the bound country more prepared for a cure. This could stop the deaths of many and the virus getting out of hand. Most airlines have doctors which certify passengers for clearance on board.
Encouraging mental and physical ease will prevent any panic attack to occur. There are so many important decisions to make when dealing with a biological disaster, such as Anthrax. Therefore, the government should come up with a preparedness program to prevent the disease and the spread of the disease if it were to become an epidemic in Philadelphia. If the government were to come up with preparedness program, all people of Philadelphia would be prepared for this biological and fatal disaster.