Influence Of Enfrenehipial Education And Entrepreneurial Intention
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Entrepreneurial Education and Entrepreneurial Intention
Different scholar has different view on the effects or influence of entrepreneurial education, this is based on the result obtained from the analysis they carried out using Theory of planned behavior (TPB) by Ajzen’s (1991) and other theories such as Shapero’s model of the entrepreneurial event (SEE) as the underpinning theory.
Moreover, Chris, Carla, Fernanda (2008) “Tracking student entrepreneurial potential: personal attributes and the propensity for business startups after graduation in a Portuguese university” agrees with the conclusions of Hatten and Ruhland (1995) and Teixeira (2007) that more young people could become successful entrepreneurs if more potential entrepreneurs were identified and cultivated throughout their entire educational process.
Likewise Rasli, et al. (2013), studying entrepreneurship intention among graduate students at university Technology Malaysia sampling a sample of 400 postgraduate students found that entrepreneurial intention has a positive and significant relationship with the university environment and thus confirming the finding that the role of entrepreneurship education has been recognized as one of the critical factors that help the students to understand and foster an entrepreneurial attitude. Though they suggest that the universities should be involve in an early stage, in the education of upper level students in order to make them more aware of entrepreneurship as a career alternative.
Ramekin R., Station G., Dumciuviene D (2013) in their studies “Explaining Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: The Role of Entrepreneurial Education” established that in spite of the chosen study program, young people studying in the hig...
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...ve influence of family background on a student to have the intention of becoming an entrepreneur; their result stated that “results show entrepreneurial intention was predicted by the need for achievement, family business background, and subjective norms except the desire for independence”.
Sieger et al (2011) founds more explanatory factor, they conclude that on a global view students prefer organizational occupation to fresh business startups for at least during first five (5) years directly after graduation but this tends to become weak after the first five (5) years of graduating as they now prefer to be their own manager.
CULTURE AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION
National culture consists of all underlying value, norms and systems that are specific to a group or society which motivate individuals to act in certain ways (Hofstede, 1998), such as starting a business.