Inequality Power And Inequality

1366 Words6 Pages
Power and inequality are two huge concepts that are regulated and also challenged in legislation differently. However, people apply, understand and manage these two concepts differently in regards to different social issues, such as in terms of people with disabilities. Some laws and legislation may also challenge the concept of power and inequality. This essay will examine the two concepts mentioned in regards to women, employment and the workplace and its laws and legislation. In politics and social science, power is defined as the ability to influence other people’s behaviour and it is commonly perceived as similar to the term authority (Foucault, 1982). Power can be seen both positively and negatively, depending on how different people use it. French philosopher Michael Foucault defined power as “a complex strategic situation in a given society social setting” (Foucault, 1982). Power may also be held through a variety of dynamics, such as social class, gender, personal charisma, authority, knowledge or expertise and force (Boundless, 2016). Inequality on the other hand, is defined as an imbalance in something, such as power (Cambridge Dictionary, 2017). Inequality can also be described as the unfair situations in our society where people have more advantages or opportunities than others (Cambridge Dictionary, 2017). Inequality also has different types, such as social inequality, income inequality and gender inequality (Boundless, 2016; Williams, 2013). Gender inequality, specifically with women, in the workplace has been a continuous social issue both in New Zealand and worldwide, even though it has been decreasing throughout the years. Gender inequality is defined as the unequal and unfair perceptions and treatment of indivi... ... middle of paper ... ...f it (McBride & Parry, 2016). In the U.S. today, there are around 74.6 million women in the workforce, and nearly 47 percent of all U.S. workers are women (DeWolf, 2017). Women have also been find to be more likely to earn a bachelor’s degree by the age of 29 than men, which is a massive improvement from women’s position back in the 1970s (DeWolf, 2017). These laws and legislation did not contribute to inequality and the imbalanced power between men and women in employment and pay rates; rather it successfully challenged that power and inequality by trying to reduce this inequality and trying to balance the power between men and women by implementing fair laws and legislation (McBride & Parry, 2016). Although there the gender gap in regards to pay and employment are still present until today, the legislation mentioned above created positive changes towards the issue.
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