It is a process through which goods are transported to final consumers. In other words, retailing consists of the activities involved in selling directly to the ultimate consumer for personal, non-business use. It embraces the direct-to-customer sales activities of the producer, whether through his own stores by house-to-house canvassing or by mail-order business. 2.2. Evolution Of Indian Retail Industry : Retailing is one of the largest
One is the Commercial Invoice filled out as method of business transactions, The other is the Official Invoice filled out as method of the customhouse. Generally, the invoice means The Commercial Invoice. Miscellaneous Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace Replace with: 가. Commercial Invoice Miscellaneous Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace Replace with: The Commercial Invoice is the record of loading marked the contents of cargo, it is that the exporter(shipper, consignor) forward The Commercial Invoice to the Consignee. And The Commercial Invoice is the statement of account clarified the cargo price.
Supplier The Supplier Table contains data concerning wholesalers, vendors and other suppliers from whom inventory is procured. These goods are used to prepare saleable items or are simply resold in their acquired form.
. Stakeholder anlaysis Shiller (2003) believes that stakeholder theory suggests that corporate stakeholders are divided into external stakeholders and internal stakeholders. External stakeholders include investors, creditors, customers and the government. Internal stakeholders include managers and employees and so on. Woolworths Company's stakeholders in the process of canned processed foods are as followed: ① Investors.
The paper will discuss what trucking, freights and maritime contribute in the movement of different goods and services, and transportations overall role in logistics. Transportation is one of the main parts of logistics; it is how you move the finish product or the raw material to start. It brings the materials to the warehouse to be delivered to your house, so you can get that lamp you ordered online... ... middle of paper ... ...conomy, with the timely movement of materials to their appropriate destinations. Works Cited Stroh, M. (2002). What is logistics?.
Second type of packaging is secondary, this type of packaging need when primary packaging need to fit in shelf. This type of packaging is used as additional packaging to protect product (exg,: small chocolate packaging put in a bigger box and used on shelves) and the last type of packaging is transport, this type of packaging is important to deliver products from manufacture to the supermarket. (Examples of those types of packaging presented in the picture) (author Kalpana R Packaging http://www.businessmanagementideas.com/packaging/product-packaging-meaning-levels-functions-importance/2271 ) (make new with our example) Elements of packaging attributes The following part is focused on the analysis of the scientific works of different authors in the field of packaging elements. As it was mentioned earlier, product packaging is the container for a product – encompassing the physical appearance of the container and including the design, color, shape, labeling and materials used” (Arens, 1996). There are some categories of packaging elements offered by different authors presented in Table 4.
All require a supply of products from the Metropolitan Pharmaceuticals system. Attributes: Customer ID - Identifying attribute Name Address Telephone Number Fax Number e-mail Contact Name Delivery Address Credit Rating • Customer Order Description: An order placed by the Customer requesting the delivery of product. Attributes: Order Number - Identifying attribute Customer ID Product ID Quantity • Customer Invoice Description: An invoice sent to the Customer from the Finance department, requesting payment for the delivered goods. Attributes: Invoice Number - Identifying attribute Order ID Date Amount to be paid • Product Description: An item that is supplied by the Metropolitan Pharmaceuticals system. Attributes: Product ID - Identifying attribute Name Description Category - (A,B,C or D) Stock Item - (Yes or No) • Product Order Description: An order that is sent to either the Supplier (if it is a non-stock item) or a Local Branch (if it is a stocked item), requesting the delivery of a product to a customer.
Then the transporters ship the crops to the packing/storage facilities, and the food processors (manufacturing) make the crops into different types of food products and sell them to wholesalers/retailers (distribution). Finally, the consumers purchase the food products from the wholesalers/retailers。 2.3 Global Food Supply Chains Although the increased movement by consumers and grocers is to “buy local,” the food supply chain is becoming progressively mor... ... middle of paper ... ... such as the Kraft Foods, Thailand Frozen Food Industry, and Australian beef supply chain, etc. In the book Quantifying the Agri-Food Supply Chain, it describes “this model (Balanced Scorecard) employs performance metrics from financial (e.g., cost of manufacturing and cost of warehousing), customer (e.g., on-time delivery and order fill rate), business process (e.g., manufacturing adherence-to-plan), innovation and technology perspective (e.g., new-product development cycle time). By combining these different perspectives, the Balanced Scorecard helps a manager to understand the interrelationships and trade-offs between alternative performance metrics and leads to improved decision making.” The Balanced Scorecard is more tactical and strategically oriented compared with other models used in the food supply chain, mainly because it is an operation-oriented method.
E-tailing is sales intermediary, a seller that operates between manufactures and customers. Even through many manufactures sell directly to consumers, they usually supplement their sales through wholesaler and retailers. In the physical world, retailing is done in stores (or factory outlets) that customers must visit in order to make the purchase. Have a eight type of e-commerce in the concept of e-tailing implies sales of goods and services individual customers that is B2B (business to business), B2C (business to consumer) , B2B2C (business to business to consumer), C2B (consumer to business), C2C (consumer to consumer, Intrabusiness EC, B2E (business to employees), E-Learning and E-Government. After that, in a business e-tailing have a two type that is pure play E-tailer and click-and-mortar and bricks-and-mortar.
The documents include bill of exchange, a copy of bill of lading, certificate of origin, commercial invoice, packing list, and other relevant documents. The importer makes payment to the bank and collects the documents. Step 8: Bill of Entry: This is a documents required in case of import of goods. It is like shipping bill in case of exports. A bill of Entry is the document testifying the fact that goods of the stated value and description in specified quantity are entering into the country from abroad.