The Industrial Revolution is a period that started around the 1750s, and is a period we are currently living in; it is seen today as one of the most dramatic and impactful eras in human-history. Thanks to Britain’s start-up of the period, we now have a society in which progress is culturally embedded as a necessity to survive. This was developed by the revolutionary inventions of the period, along with the strive for innovation from other international countries. The Industrial Revolution originated in Britain thanks to the encouraging population and government who pushed for innovation through applied scientific insight. After the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment period, people were much more knowledgeable and full of ideas.
Over all, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transported, how products are made, on a global basis.The Industrial Revolution was a critical turning point in European history because the changes made are integral in the modern age. The inventions made expanded the global market, a solid infrastructure was built to support a stable economy, as well as shift in individuals socioeconomic status. Without the inventions of the Industrial Revolution, the machines that increased productivity and quicken production would not be present in today’s factories and manufacturing industry would not have the assembly line and mass production we have today. British inventors created the machines that make mass production possible. The invention of the Spinning Jenny had a major impact on the production of the cotton industry, this in turn led to the increase of factories in 1769.
Technology In The Industrial Revolution Changes in the way people worked, the reformation of social class structure, the concepts that people had about social classes, and the modified international balance of political power were all attributes of the Industrial Revolution. The Revolution's radical changes effected the human experience in both negative and positive means. One aspect that had a positive significant impact on the Revolution was the advancement in technology. Exactly when the development of industry began can be answered according to different definitions of industry. Industry may be viewed in terms of energy use.
While capitalism is characterized by its relentless expansion, always trying to overcome limits of time and space, it was only in the late twentieth century that the world economy was able to become truly global on the basis of the new infrastructure provided by information and communication technologies ( Castells, 2000: 101). It is interesting to analyze the way the rise of the new global economy came nearly at the same moment of the introduction of new communication and information technologies, such as the internet and satellite communication networks. Many of the features of capitalism rely on the usage of new technologies. Furthermore, according to Manuel Castells, this new economy emerged ‘because the information technology revolution provided the indispensable, material basis for its creation’ ( Castells, 2000:77). There are many studies that analyze the links between technology and globalization.
This shifted America’s demographics dramatically. The United States transformed from an agrarian to an urban nation. In response to the challenges of the 20th century, America needed a progressive movement that was directed at solving the problems created by the Rapid industrialization. It was a time of enormous changes in American life. The movement help fuel the United States become an international power and help secure its economic strength.
The Second Industrial Revolution was of course related to the first except for it's growth, which was even faster. Major developments with the internal combustion engine, electricity, chemicals, continued improvements of transportation and the organized research lab propelled us int... ... middle of paper ... ...ime you log onto the Web, or even for your first time, and you see the address, www..., it should have a whole new meaning for you! Bibliography: Cross & Szostak, Technology and American Society Coppa & Hammond , Technology In The Twentieth Century? Patterns of Technological History The Nature of Technology The Process of Technological Change Authors not credited or unknown Berkeley University www.networking.eecs.berkely.edu/networking/research.html, Internet and TCP protocol research paper McMellon Publishing Company, www.sams.net.publications.com U. S. Robotics Modem Microsoft Corporation www.microsoft/products/encarta.com On-line encyclopedia United States Of America www.us.gov.com/fedworld/fedline.txt www.us.gov/gopher/ntis/fedline.txt www. White House Web site Yahoo www.yahoo.com,
However, great things do not come without a cost; the rapid technological expansion in the US would initiate the crisis of the 1890s. The crisis of the 1890s was the shift from the rural and agrarian society to a modern urban and industrial society. In America, the late 19th Century was known as the Victorian Era. It was a time when pro-private upper class culture dominated the nation, a time of liberation from the burden of the past and a time when the development of science and technology flourished. The Victorians believed that the advancement in science and technology served as a mean for protection, and could bring in an abundant of wealth and power, something they desired.
The industrial revolution brought many pros and cons to the way people live. Britain was the first to experience it and it later spread throughout Europe and the United States. Now we live in a complete industrialized world. While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily negative consequences for society because of the lack of education, it was actually a positive thing for society. Industrialization’s positive effects were new technology, transportation improvements, and the placement of child labor laws.
These inventions and innovations led to a factory system of large-scale machine production and greater economic specialization. Britain is credited for starting this revolution and the United States soon followed. However, we must examine the revolution and it's effects in other countries outside of Britain and the U.S. In France, this Industrial Revolution came late because of the French Revolution. However, after the French Revolution came to an end, France began picking up it's pace in development.
The enlightenment laid the foundation on which new imperialism sprung, embedding the ideas of an incessant need to explore not only the scientific world but the physical world as well. The enlightenments goals and ideas significantly influenced new imperialism, because the enlightenment created a need for new means and a purpose to accrue them. The foundation for new imperialism rested on the ideas and products of the enlightenment. Advancements in technology, medicine and cartography led to the success of new imperialism (Genova, 2/15). For example, European voyages would have been for naught, if it were not for the enlightenment discover... ... middle of paper ... ...