The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world. During the First Industrialization Revolution, there were extreme changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation. Industrialization began in Britain because of the surplus of raw materials, making it one of the most dominant countries in machinery. Before the Civil War, most people were not wage owners because they either worked on agriculture or in small single-owner crafts. The Industrial Revolution began with the invention of the steam engine in Britain in 1793 by James Watt, which was used to minerals from mines.
Inventions starting from the cotton gin by Eli Whitney to the Model T invented by Henry Ford, the American lives and economy changed drastically. Changing from the agrarian economy to the manufacturing and textile industries, it opened doors to most people to start a new job in a new economy. It would not have been possible to achieve the simplest tasks as we would have today if it was not for the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the Industrial Revolution was a remarkable phenomenon in America’s history.
Before the creation of machinery children and adults did most of the work in order to have the products needed for civilized life. The Industrial Revolution was a gradual movement but it was still a radical change from the old way of producing goods. The Industrial Revolution became more powerful each year as new inventions were added into factories. The efficiency of production increased as these machines increased the speed of production. The Industrial Revolution started early in the 1800s in Europe but began late in the middle of the 1800s in America (Daniels & Hyslop pg 271).
Due to strides made during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester led the world in the textile industry with the use of the mechanized cotton mill. This led to an influx of people migrating to Manchester seeking work. The booming industry caused by this rapid urbanization greatly benefitted the rest of Europe, but the citizens of Manchester suffered great morale and health declines. While a select few continued to highlight the great accomplishments of the city, the overwhelming majority of sources shows that Manchester was not a desirable home for workers during the Industrial
In the long run, industrialization raised the standard of living and overcame the poverty that most Europeans, who lived d... ... middle of paper ... ...ndustrialization spread to the United States then across Europe. The BBC website indicates France, by contrast, was home to some of the finest scientific minds, but had an absolute monarchy which wielded great control over economic and political life. In Britain people believed that through industrial production they could create untold wealth - and the government believed that it was its responsibility to make this happen. In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution had profoundly impacted Europe in the 18th century. The Industrial Revolution also had considerable impact upon the nature of work, people, geography, and technology.
The Industrialization Impact In the history of the United States, it can be argued that the economic change that occurred in the midst of industrialization was the foremost change that led to us becoming a world power. This change began with the newfound desires of U.S. companies to do things efficiently, and the invention of newer machines such as the cotton gin enabled them to do so. These inventions made many industries that were becoming unprofitable more profitable again, and gave the economic boost that the U.S. economy needed. With increased efficiency and the lowering of costs, many factories blew up around the country, and thousands of jobs were created. People began to migrate to these newly established urban areas around factories, seeking opportunity, steady income to feed their families, and a way to move out of poverty.
In the nineteenth century, manufacturing was the most important factor because it brought about industrialization. The expansion of both economic and technological advances also brought about the changes in American society. The growth and eventual dominance of market capitalism in the United States changed the lives of all Americans fundamentally. The Market Revolution and the rise of market capitalism influenced the working class because of new inventions, like the cotton gin, and it encouraged farmers to raise more cotton in the South, and brought people in the North greater opportunities in the work field. With distant but profitable markets now attainable, farmers and manufactures now produced for the market rather than for their own personal consumption.
The Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain around 1760, marked an era in which simple hand tools evolved into powerful machines and factories. The sudden change in production sparked controversy in the modern world about whether the Industrial Revolution affected society in a negative or positive way. The shift from manual labor to technologically advanced labor was one that was abrupt, yet successful. Not only did this revolution shape society and the way of life of all people living in England at the time, but it also brought about advances that are present in current day and the modern world. Although working and living conditions at the time were dismal at best, the Industrial Revolution was ultimately a profound blessing for the greater good of society and cultivated innovative ideas.
It spread to America. The Industrial Revolution was favorable to the American colonies by bringing the factory system to America, supplying more employment which increased urban growth, and raising the national economy. The factory system was the key to the industrial revolution. The factory system was a combination of Humans and new technology. New technology was arriving every day.
(Merriman, 2010, 559) It is evident that the Industrial Revolution had a great impact on the lives of many throughout the European continent. Even though some may oppose the changes that sparks the industrial process in Great Britain, it is clear that the benefits of the Industrial Revolution advanced from the introduction of machinery in the textile industry, the ownership of businesses and the economic shift of urbanizing towns. Because of the growth during Industrial Revolution people began to live better. The process of industrializing brought new opportunities that advanced the lives of owners as well as workers. It’s through this era that came many great inventions that have afforded us some the luxuries we have today in manufacturing.