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Industrial Revolution as a Time of Change

explanatory Essay
1137 words
1137 words
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Industrial Revolution as a Time of Change The Industrial Revolution was a time of drastic change that transformed hand tools and hand made items to machine manufactured and produced goods. Inventions brought on the most drastic changes during the Industrial Revolution. Machines made life much easier while decreasing prices of goods and generally improving life. (mhirotsu.htm). Before the 1750's, life was primitive but simple, which is vastly different from the complex culture that arose from the Industrial Revolution. Before the first Industrial Revolution, England's economy was based upon its cottage industry. The workers would purchase raw materials from merchants, take them back to their cottages, and at home is where the goods were produced. This was usually owned and managed by one or few people. This industry was efficient, but due to the fact that productivity was low, it make the prices high. The longer the it took to create the product, the higher the cost. Goods were expensive, and in turn only wealthy people could afford them. (mhirotsu.htm). The Industrial Revolution was based mainly upon the Cotton Industry , for most of the inventions created during that period were mainly for making and producing cotton. "In the year 1773, there was a high demand for cotton cloth, but the production was low" (mhirtostu.htm). This problem needed to be solved. The solution came from John Kay, a British weaver, who invented and fashioned the flying shuttle, which cut weaving time in half. John Kay was also a pioneer, and his new invention paved the way for many more inventors. At first, workers did not accept the machines, and in numerous cases many inventions were destroyed, but the inevitable was unst... ... middle of paper ... ... brought on many new adjustments in peoples lives. The factory system was a reliable way to lower prices on goods, but the quality of the worker's lives declined. Women and children were required to work long, hard hours, and as a result, many people became sick and developed diseases. With time, the workers became aware of their potential rights, many got together to form Labor Unions. Different groups gave rights to workers and gave them the power to strike. "As more and more laws were enforced regarding the working schedule, working conditions improved and the factory system began to blossom" (change.html). Throughout the Industrial Revolution, many new inventions and machines were created and many advances were made. The revolution was a massive turning point in history, and from then on, tremendous progress evolved creating the society we live in today.

In this essay, the author

  • Describes the industrial revolution as a time of drastic change that transformed hand tools and hand made items to machine manufactured and produced goods.
  • Explains that england's economy was based upon its cottage industry, which was efficient, but low productivity made prices high. the longer it took to create the product, the higher the cost.
  • Explains that the industrial revolution was based mainly upon the cotton industry, for most of the inventions created during that period were for making and producing cotton.
  • Explains that the industrial revolution began in the 1750s with the inventions of the spinning jenny and the water powered frame.
  • Explains that mass productions began along with capitalism. capitalists purchased new machines and stored them in factories where they hired workers to tend over them all day while creating goods.
  • Explains that mass production allowed more expensive goods to be less expensive for the lower class, and for those who were not very wealthy. the steam engine allowed people to travel to places in a fraction of the time.
  • Explains the industrial revolution's advance in power technology, which included animate energy, wind power, and water power. steam engines were installed for pumping purposes in coal mines.
  • Explains that the development of steam powered machines led to mass production and the factory system. people left their homes in the countryside and traveled into the towns in search of jobs and money.
  • Explains thomas newcomen invented the steam engine, which was used to pump water out of the mines by creating steam to power a piston to provide lift for an atmospheric water pump. james watt introduced the watt steam engine.
  • Explains how robert fulton attached steam engines to a boat, eliminating the use of man power, river current, or wind, and george stephenson, an english inventor, harnessed the power of steam engine power to the locomotive.
  • Explains that the industrial revolution was a massive turning point in history and from then on, tremendous progress evolved creating the society we live in today.
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