Industrial Revolution: One Of The Most Important Changes The World

comparative Essay
1317 words
1317 words

Industrial revolution is one of the most important changes our world has ever faced. Unlike other revolutions, this one took place over a long period of time. It all began in Britain, where the demand for goods was increasing as a result of mass trade. The only problem that the producers faced was the low speed of production; they wanted to make goods faster and cheaper. Britain also offered many opportunities with its natural resources and political stability. The freedom of thought and encouragement of scientific inventions lead to discoveries of many new kinds of machines that helped the workers. Nevertheless, these machines were not completely new ideas, but rather borrowed from the Greeks from the past. Still, slowly, by experimenting …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the industrial revolution began in britain, where the demand for goods was increasing as a result of mass trade.
  • Explains that the first workers who worked in factories suffered the most because there had been no laws for regulating factories.
  • Explains how the industrial revolution changed the lives of the working class outside of their work. poor hygiene and sanitation led to overcrowding and health issues.
  • Explains how the role of women and children was influenced by the industrial revolution.
  • Concludes that the working class suffered through the early stages of the industrial revolution. they lived in poor conditions, were paid very little for their boring work, and were treated badly by the employers.

They lived in very poor conditions, were paid very little for their boring work and were treated very badly by the employers. Later on, the government in Great Britain started intervening in the factories and setting some rules by passing laws. These laws included improvements such as higher wages, less hours of work, safer conditions at work and better sanitation in the houses for the workers. One of the examples is the factory act in 1833. It’s aim was to improve the conditions for children who work in the factories and it included such rules as: “no child workers under nine years of age’’,“employers must have an age certificate for their child workers’’,“two hours schooling each day for children’’, etc. Nevertheless, there are some historians who argue that the living conditions for the working class improved as the revolution began. These historians base their decision upon the income per person; “British income per person (in 1970 U.S. dollars) rose from about $400 in 1760 to $430 in 1800, to $500 in 1830, and then jumped to $800 in 1860.’’ Still, the slow rate of increasing income in middle 1700s, together with the rising prices overall shows that the working class was was better off before the revolution. Therefore, historians mostly agree that the standard of living was miserable for the working class during the industrial revolution in Great Britain, especially in the early stages of the

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