In this way, the reader perceives Chillingworth as evil when in reality he goes to extreme depths to demonstrate his love for Hester. Although both Roger Chillingworth and Arthur Dimmesdale love Hester Prynne and are concerned about what the community will think of them, Dimmesdale’s love for Hester is insincere and devious because he is a hypocrite, a coward, and values Puritanical expectations of him above the people he cares most about. Roger Chillingworth makes it his life’s purpose to seek out Hester’s partner and make him pay for his sin. However, Chillingworth’s underlying motivation for retribution is entrenched in his love for Hester. Although Chillingworth attaches like a “leech” (75) to Dimmesdale and wants more “revenge than any mortal had ever wreaked upon an enemy” (145), Chillingworth’s extreme desire for vengeance is rooted in his extreme love for Hester and therefore his actions are vindicated.
Puritans may have tried to give themselves the appearance of a perfect society, but it was really just as corrupt and full of sinners as any society today. In the Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Crucible by Arthur Miller and “To My Dear and Loving Husband” by Anne Bradstreet, there is evidence for this. In Puritan literature, although they try to hide it, sin is very common, in that Puritans do the opposite of what they preach, but still harshly punish those who sin. Affairs are a common sin with the Puritans that cannot be kept secret, because of the Puritan stress on faithfulness and love in marriages and the negative view of divorce. Affairs are bountiful in Puritan society; even a minister, one who preaches sin, commits adultery.
Creon finally puts his pride aside and listens to the Chorus' wise advice. It is difficult even then, and he obeys only because he fears the punishment that he might receive. "To yield [for Creon] is terrible" (line 1095) meaning to swallow his pride and admit that he is wrong is a very difficult thing for him to do. When Creon loses his wife and son, Creon's pride disappears, and he admits that he made a terrible mistake by not listening to anyone's advice. Antigone, a resolute and heroic female protagonist, pits her individual free will against the intractable forces of fate and against the irrational and unjust laws of tyrannical man like Creon.
Miss Haversham had ulterior motives in adopting Estella, which was not a loving action on her part, but a calculated maneuver to turn the child into a haughty heartless instrument of revenge against men. Estella was encouraged to practice her disdain on Pip and to break his heart. Paradoxically, Miss Havershams greatest sin was against herself. By hardening her heart she lost her generous, affectionate nature and becomes withered emot... ... middle of paper ... ... He endures hardship and triumphantly emerges a mature, thoughtful person.
Hale, Gruen, and Miller describe the antagonists of their compositions with qualities of jealousy, manipulation, and questionable sanity in order to convey messages that are applicable to reality in the reader’s life. The authors are able to convey to readers that through despicable intentions a person can never gain success or growth. The common phrase that “cheaters never prosper” is shown through the triumph of the virtuous characters and ruination of the plot of the antagonists. Works Cited 1. Gruen, Sara.
Certainly not an innocent and having his own characterization of the same fatal flaw as Eliza – a decisive determination for independence -- Sanford shares in the traditional tragic conclusion of isolation and loss. Despite an attractive interpretation that Eliza Wharton deserves her tragic fate because she is too scandalous of a seductress, her fall is actually a result of her desire for autonomy in a society that denies women that right. Also, to view Sanford as a heartless villain would be reductionary. He too, like Eliza, is subject to the judgements, constraints, and values of a flawed society in which he is separated from his true love. Both characters fall as a result of their desire for relational freedoms that early American society denies them.
Dominique’s love for Howard, but hatred for the world is what drives her to destroy him. Dominique believes that the type of power that she and Howard possess is vital to society and by withholding it she is depriving the world what it needs to survive. Dominique Francon struggles not only to destroy Roark, but also to rid the world of all that is beautiful and unique. Francon believes that society will corrupt and eradicate all that the individualistic minds- such as Roark labor to produce. Dominique’s love for Howard isn’t enough to quell her fear that society will force Howard to conform to their misguided beliefs.
Coupled with the fact that his dearest friend and confidant, Tristan, is embroiled in this nightmare; Mark is to be pitied greatly. Gottfried has Mark suffer the three greatest betrayals a person can encounter: his own, that of his lover’s and that of his friend’s. The love Mark has for both Isolde and Tristan only work against him; for had he been free of love’s grip, he would have trusted his senses and his intuitions. Although void of all supernatural occurrences, ... ... middle of paper ... ...tan is not immune to such a change either. Interestingly, the only time he really is able to overcome love’s enslaving bonds is during the return trip to Tintagel.
Hence virtue lay in virginity, diminishing the transcendent worth of a woman’s will. Misguided by their fallaciousness, the Victorian’s had confused virginity with virtue a physical and metaphysical conditi... ... middle of paper ... ... willed and intrusive in his critique of society; hence the novel’s antithetical although tragic ending divulges an ideological anxiety. Adamant to defend Tess, and in effect his convictions from social condemnation Hardy finally cannot do so himself because of his fear of becoming a radical critic of his culture. In the words of Tess ‘I have had enough; and now I shall not live for you to despise me!’ Although arguably aiming to make the text more digestible for the intended Victorian audience, by making Tess even more impure in the eyes of society through matricide, Hardy indirectly offers his future audience a much more realised insight into the potency of Victorian dogma, ultimately though what would have appeared to have been the partial sacrifice of his own critical philosophy. As Hardy himself said ‘A man must be a fool to deliberately stand up to be shot at.’
Romanticism and Puritanism collide in Nathaniel Hawthorne 's The Scarlet Letter, as Hawthorne’s characters are dealt with a conflict between following one’s own moral code versus following the code of a pious and conservative society. Hawthorne introduces characters who are in a struggle to rebel against a stubborn society. Throughout his novel, Hawthorne allegorizes a Romantic moral that expressing one’s true beliefs and emotions is ultimately rewarding. Across their progression, the characters Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, and Roger Chillingworth embody such Romantic moral. Introduced as the novel’s protagonist, Hester Prynne is faced with the dilemma of finding and expressing her true identity in the face of a strict Puritan society.