As discussed previously, Kareiva and Marvier argue that focusing on human welfare does not have to sacrifice biodiversity (962-969). However, some find that the argument only holds when conservation itself is tied to a clearly outlined conservation agenda (Sanderson and Redford 389). For conservation efforts to be successful, multiple countries and agencies need to cooperate (“Lecture Week 13”). Conservationists, economists, and political strategists must find conservation issues that do not hinder efforts to alleviate issues of the human condition such as global poverty and world hunger. In actuality, biodiversity loss and poverty are linked, but conservation strategies that will reap success in integrating the two need clear conceptual frameworks (Adams et al.
The greatest way of conserving nature has no clear-cut solution. Some will argue that by leaving it untouched is the only way it will survive. Others say that by learning to utilize the environment responsibly, the benefits from using it will allow advancement of civilization. The policy that allows a balance between nature and society is gaining an “environmental ethic” that makes people feel a responsibility towards their environment and in return, replenish whatever is used from it. This policy will succeed because is it the best way, especially for the short time left to take action before it’s too late, for developed countries to be sustained, to help underdeveloped countries to survive, and most importantly, for the environment to continue to live and thrive for futures to come.
Eco-tourism causes damage to the environment instead of conserving it. Eco-tourism is considered by most if not all as traveling to natural areas with responsibility in mind which the environment is conserved and the well being of the local people are taken care of as well as being sustainable on an ecological scale with a sole purpose of experiencing natural areas that builds environmental and cultural understanding, positive reception and upkeep (Brown 2011). However, tourism in natural areas cannot be considered and be defined as sustainable ecotourism unless it possesses the basic qualities. First of all, a sustainable ecotourism area must be able create thoughtful and attentiveness towards local environments and cultures. Conservation initiatives must be supported financially as well as empowerment and contribution of locals as a concerted project (Davis 2007).
Throughout history in North America, the indigenous peoples culture, tradition and religion have always differed from the western way of life. In this essay, I will explore two things. First, I will talk about the indigenous people’s view of the conservation of resources which can also be termed as the traditional ecological knowledge and the economist view of natural resources. Second, I will argue in this essay that by thinking of resources from the traditional ecological point of view, we can better understand why conserving our natural resources is important. I believe that we understanding why conservation of our natural resources is important will go a long way in helping us understand why our individual action affects our ecosystem.
Introduction The concept of living within the ecological boundaries of the Earth means that we have to use natural resources in a sustainable way, this means that these resources should not be used to the point where their threshold is exceeded and they become depleted. Although this is the case, we also have to look at this from a social point of view. We cannot live within our ecological boundaries if the world’s population is living under the social foundation. In other words, we need to use the world’s resources in a way that they are sustained, while still providing the world’s population with basic living needs, this is essentially sustainable development (Raworth, 2012). Sustainable development is an attempt to combine environmental issues with socio-economic issues (Hopwood et al., 2005), this therefore encompasses the ideas of ecological boundaries and a solid social foundation.
Countries, fisheries, and consumers all need to share the responsibility for conserving endangered marine life. First, governments should base their policies on scientific factors and should look for better economic incentives to stop fisheries from overfishing. Second, fisheries should use methods that are not so destructive to the fish population. Finally, consumers should avoid buying endangered seafood, even if they have to pay a little more. If these parties recognize that it is worthwhile to conserve marine species, then they must accept this responsibility.
In changing the way environmental management was framed, conservation efforts now sought to shelter the natural world from interference by human activities (Wendell, 2002), and now understood nature had intrinsic value other than economic gain (Meffe et al., 2002). Hence, conservationists progressed toward a preservationist approach, which works “[…] to maintain or prevent the loss of biodiversity by preserving and restoring species and habitats threatened by the activity of people” (Wendell, 2002 p. X). This new point of view additionally changed the definition of ecosystems to account for its “responses to manipulation [that] are not linear, but involve thresholds; and there are many unforeseen consequences and externalities” (Meffe et al., 2002 p.X). The historical timeline of environmental management take on the same progression toward a more egalitarian approach to natural conservation in both authors’ theses (Wendell, 2002; Meffe et al., 2002), and Meffe et al. (2002) expands on the shift by exploring a new definition of ecosystems as a dynamic system with non-equilibrium and acknowledges that disturbances are needed in order to maintain the balance of the biodiversity.
For example, in a few years, workers in the fishing industry may be out of jobs due to over-consumption of certain species of fish and the lack of management to preserve these animals. For Christians, biblical reasons also apply to this desire to preserve what remains of our biodiversity. Holistic human life depends on the relationship between humankind and species found in nature; thus humankind must develop respect and critical understanding of the interaction of human and non-human species, and realize the necessity of preserving the earth's great biodiversity. Biodiversity Conservation biology became a formal discipline in the 1980s. Its aim was to connect ecology and evolutionary biology, as well as conserve biodiversity (Takacs, 1996).
Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3670017.stm Shetler, Jan Bender (2004). “Sugar and the Industrial Era.”Environmental History Lecture. Goshen College . Sluyter, Andrew (2002). Colonialism and Landscape.
Climate change is a phenomenon that is continually posing challenges at the earth, its inhabitants and the natural systems that exists. Therefore climate change is a threat to the earth’s biodiversity similar to land degradation and habitat loss. These are different in the sense that climate change has only recently caught academics attention (Foden et al, 2013). Threats to diversity like habitat degradation may appear on one site and cause threats on local scales, on the contrary to climate change, which is global and affects the earth as a whole. This then is a demand for global consensus.