Indigenous Populations and Conservation

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There have been debates mentioned by Dove (2006:197) questioning whether any indigenous populations have actually practiced conservation. This however, is based on a Western model and understanding of conservation. Examining how conservation is seen by non-Western people needs more critical considerations (Dove 2006:197). Conservation, as stated by indigenous people who attended the Fifth World’s Congress meeting, can be implemented without Western “models, management plans, or monitoring and evaluation” (Brosius 2004:611). This begins to challenge the assumptions of conservation, and the roles that science and large conservation organizations should be taking (Brosius 2004:611). “Shepard’s 2006 long-term research (as cited by Dove 2006:198) in Peru’s Manu National Park has questioned the Western assumption that resource conservation is not being practiced among local communities. Another study by Schwartzman et. al. (2000) even argues that local populations may be the best equipped for conservation against threats from private and public sectors (as cited by Dove 2006:198). One factor in conservation is the intention to conserve (Dove 2006:197); however, there is also a modern practice f transforming unconscious actions to conscious decisions (Dove 2006:197). In a research study working with the Kayapo, it is suggested that the Kayapo amplified the conscious decisions towards their practices of resource-management. However, those practices are also seen as part of everyday lives, some of which can be described as unconscious (as cited by Dove 2006:197). It can even be stated that behavior towards conserving natural resources are unintentional (Dove 2006:197). While there is not a real divide between the unintentional and intenti... ... middle of paper ... ...WPC is one organization that allows for a diverse discourse among indigenous, local and nomadic groups, but its effectiveness on national policies and programs limited (Brosius 2004: 611). For mobile indigenous peoples, the World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous Peoples attempts to recognize their rights for their mobility and to open up a discourse between nomadic and sedentary populations living near protected areas (Brosius 2004: 610). Works Cited Brosius, J. Peter 2004 Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas at the World Parks Congress. Conservation Biology 18(3):609-612. Dove, Michael R. 2006 Indigenous People and Environmental Politics. Annual Review of Anthropology 35:191-208. Forsyth, Tim and Walker, Andrew 2008 Forest guardians, forest destroyers: the politics of environmental knowledge in northern Thailand. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
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