This paper will discuss these phases, their effects on the Aborigines and Australia, and the future of Australian race relations. Introduction Investigation into the treatment of and government policies enacted against the Aborigines is an important issue because not many know about the history of these people. Just recently, social scientists have started looking into this area. Furthermore, many people believe that the concept of racial inequality has all but disappeared in the world. By examining the case of the Aborigines, it can show what work still needs to be done in order for there to be true equality for indigenous peoples.
At this point in time there is no guarantee that the Aboriginal culture will survive the test of time as the future of Australia goes on. The laws that replaced the Aboriginal traditions have permanently damaged the culture of the Indigenous people. In Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence, the major portion of the story is about the resilience of three young half-caste aboriginal girls who were taken from their families by white men and their laws. “The white settlers were a protected species, they were safe with their own laws and had police and soldiers to enforce these rules” (Pilkington 15). When the British brought their laws over to Australia, they assumed it would be necessary to enforce it throughout the land they claimed, and over the Aboriginal people.
They fought against these racial views by protesting to raise the issue of equal rights for the indigenous people. The fre... ... middle of paper ... ...al activist groups and the aboriginal people. The freedom rides, wave hill walk off and day of mourning petition definitely sent a message to the government of Australia that not only do the aboriginal people want equal rights but many white Australians wanted this for them as well. In conclusion the freedom rides were most definitely one of the main reasons why the aboriginal people today are not secluded from normal society and singled out because of their skin colour. Now the aboriginal people have equal rights as any everyday Australian and have the right to elect the leader of their choosing and not having to go along with everything the white men say.
Australian history shows that from the time of early colonisation in Australia, Aboriginal people were subjected to, harsh discrimination, dispossessed of their land, exiled from white society, and were inadequately acknowledged in the Australian constitution (Foley, G. (2011). The start of Aboriginal Australians seeking social justice for their human and civil rights was the establishment of the first Aboriginal political organisation known as the Australian Aboriginal Progressive Association (AAPA) in 1924 and was renamed the Aboriginal Progressive Association (APA) in 1936 (Foley, G. (2011). The APA was formed by two aboriginal wharf labours Fred Maynard and Tom Lacey were greatly influenced by racial movements coming from America and were focused on establishing racial pride, self esteem, self reliance and the independence of Aboriginal people (Foley, G., & Anderson, T. 2006). In 1936 the Australian Aboriginal League (AAL) was established in Melbourne by and in 1938 the two associations joined together to organised one of the first Aboriginal protests (Foley, G. 2011). The Aboriginal peoples day of mourning was the in response to the one... ... middle of paper ... ...
They thought this way because of the major differences between the Aboriginal ways of life and the Colonial ways of life. The Aborigines’ simple tools and lack of material items led to the colonists’ ignorance towards the economy and life style of the Aborigines’. Within a short amount of time, the population of Aborigines dropped by hundreds of thousands. Through the expansion of the British colonists, the Aborigines were no longer a free people and were pushed to fight for their liberty. The British invasion of Australia led to many violent battles and ra... ... middle of paper ... ...able children and juvenile offenders.
It promotes throughout our country and to the world that we live in a country that delivers importance, rights and equal benefits to our indigenous people - as does anyone else living in Australia. I think it is more of an issue now as the latest statistics from the ABS, reflects the current health and poverty situation for our indigenous communities – which tells us that since colonization, indigenous people have been disadvantaged and segregated from the rest of the Austral... ... middle of paper ... ...enous people of Australia for the harm caused through the stolen generations. I believe that by ‘saying sorry’, it would be the first step in making right the wrongs of that past and would bring the indigenous and non-indigenous people together because the government would symbolize the Australian people who are prepared to make a difference. For moral and ethical reasons I think it is the right thing to do. Bibliography: www.hreoc.gov.au/social_justice/stolen_children.html www.apology.west.net.au/ www.eniar.org/stolen.html www.abc.net.au/rn/talks/bbing/stories/s148775.htm www.unolympics.com/reconciliation/stolen.shtml www.alphalink.com.au/~rez/Journey/qna.htm www.aph.gov.au/library/intguide/SP/Stolen.htm Also includes information from family discussion and personal views on the issue.
In the 1830's and ending in the early 1970's, many aboriginal children were forcibly taken from their families, as the European settlement recognised Aboriginal’s for being flora and fauna and deemed them to be feral. European settlers aim was to supposedly enforce Aboriginal’s to be civil by assimilating them into European society and culture. However this was not the case as it was an excuse to wipe out the Aboriginal race and culture, which was ordered by the Australian Government at the time. The Government’s policies and practices regarding the removal of children, the ill treatment and the continuing effects eradicated many aboriginal generations. Government authorities claimed legal guardianship of all Indigenous children and removed approximately a thousand Aboriginal children from families and placed them with white Australian families, or in institutional homes.
The assimilation policy was a policy that existed between the 1940’s and the 1970’s, and replaced that of protectionism. Its purpose was to have all persons of aboriginal blood and mixed blood living like ‘white’ Australians, this established practice of removing Aboriginal children (generally half-bloods) from their homes was to bring them up without their culture, and they were encouraged to forget their aboriginal heritage. Children were placed in institutions where they could be 'trained' to take their place in white society. During the time of assimilation Aboriginal people were to be educated for full citizenship, and have access to public education, housing and services. However, most commonly aboriginal people did not receive equal rights and opportunities, for example, their wages were usually less than that paid to the white workers and they often did not receive recognition for the roles they played in the defence of Australia and their contribution to the cattle industry.
Historians argue whether the intention of the protectionist policies that allowed Aboriginal children to be removed was done with the purpose of killing off all Aborigines (Read 1981) as a group of people, seen of little value by the “white colonists” or whether it was indeed done for the protection and betterment of the children(Windschuttle, Why There Were No Stolen Generations 2010). Whatever the intention the systematic removal of the children from the late 1800’s till 1972 undermined the whole Aboriginal community, Marjorie Woodrow, who over 60 years ago was removed from her family says, “Little did they know they ripped our souls to pieces” (Woodrow 2001). As Australians read through the testimonies of the “Stolen Generations” we begin to have a sense of how the forced removal of Aboriginal children impacted on and continues to on Aboriginal families and communities today. Peter Read brought the past history of Aboriginal children, who had been removed from their families, to the attention of many in 1980 in an essay “The Stolen Generations”. Until Read’s essay was published Aboriginal people rarely mentioned the “stolen generations” and the events were mostly unknown by white Australians.
In the days following, Prime Minister Lyons met with the committee of the protest and listened to the plan that they had made for equality in Australia. The aim of this action was to gain recognition from the Australian people particularly the government of the fact that the white settlers invaded what was then aboriginal land. They wanted an action plan to be put into place to ensure equality between white and aboriginal Australians. Despite the Aboriginals believing they had achieved something through this protest, all efforts went unrewarded, as Lyons did nothing about the Aborigine’s plan for equality. Every subsequent Australia day had hosted to a day of mourning protest by the Aborigi... ... middle of paper ... ...to the Freedom rides, every result was complied into the 1967 referendum and from the tent embassy to the Mabo decision, all protests went towards the common goal and now achievement of land rights.